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  • Top 10 Must-Know Literary Devices in Flamingo Poems for Class 12 Board Exam 2024

    Quick Revision of Poems & Explore literary devices in Flamingo Poems. 👇 For Quick Access Click on the Lessons 👇 My Mother At Sixty Six Keeping Quiet A Thing of Beauty A Roadside Stand Aunt Jennifer's Tigers My Mother At Sixty Six Summary of the poem: The speaker is driving with her mother from their family home to Cochin. The mother is described as dozing with an open mouth, looking ashen like a corpse. The speaker realizes the painful truth that her mother is as old as she appears. Despite the initial realization, the speaker chooses to push away the thought and focuses on the surroundings. The speaker observes Young Trees, merry children spilling out of their homes, and the airport scene. After the security check, the speaker looks at her mother again and notices her pale and wan appearance. This triggers a familiar childhood fear in the speaker. The poem ends with the speaker smiling and saying, "See you soon, Amma." Theme: The theme of aging and the inevitable passage of time is prominent in the poem. The speaker grapples with the realization of her mother's aging and mortality. Message: The poem conveys a poignant message about the bittersweet emotions associated with aging parents. It explores the conflict between the reality of aging and the desire to avoid confronting the inevitable. Literary Devices used in the poem with examples: 1. Imagery: - Example: "doze, open mouthed, her face ashen like that of a corpse" - This vivid imagery conveys the physical condition of the mother and sets a somber tone. 2. Simile: - Example: "pale as a late winter’s moon" - The comparison of the mother's pallor to a late winter's moon adds a layer of desolation and emphasizes her frailty. 'her face ashen like that of a corpse" - This simile compares the mother's pale face to the color of a corpse, emphasizing the lifelessness and frailty. 3. Symbolism/Personification - Example: "Young Trees sprinting" - The young trees could symbolize the passage of time and the growth and vitality of youth in contrast to the aging mother. The word 'sprinting' also indicates that trees have been personified here. 4. Irony: - Example: 'all I did was smile and smile and smile......' The speaker smiles repeatedly in the end despite the underlying sadness, creating an ironic contrast between the outward expression and the inner emotional turmoil. 5. Alliteration: - Example: "see you soon, Amma" - The repetition of the "s" sound in "see" and "soon" creates a soft and soothing effect, contrasting with the emotional weight of the poem. 6. Enjambment: - Example: "doze, open mouthed, her face / ashen like that / of a corpse" - The enjambment in these lines creates a flowing and continuous rhythm, emphasizing the mother's appearance. These literary devices contribute to the emotional depth and richness of the poem, enhancing the reader's experience and understanding of the themes explored. For NCERT | CBE Short Questions Pls Click the following Link. My Mother at Sixty Six |Stanza-wise Explanation | CBQs | Board Exam 2024 ( Keeping Quiet Quick Revision Stanza 1: Counting to twelve is proposed as an action. A call for collective silence and stillness is emphasized. The suggestion is to refrain from speaking in any language and reduce physical movements. Stanza 2: Envisions a unique, exotic moment on Earth. Desires a break from haste, engines, and constant activity. Describes the potential beauty in a sudden, collective stillness. Stanza 3: Imagines fishermen and the man gathering salt in a state of non-harm and contemplation. Contrasts the potential stillness with the typical harshness of their activities. Highlights the transformative power of the suggested moment. Stanza 4: Addresses those who engage in destructive actions like preparing "green wars" with gas and fire. Envisions a change in behaviour - putting on clean clothes and walking with brothers in the shade. Advocates for a temporary pause in activities that lead to harm. Stanza 5: Clarifies that the proposed action should not be misunderstood as total inactivity. Emphasizes that life is the essence and the focus should be on living. Rejects the idea of aligning with death and underscores the importance of vitality Stanza 6: Criticizes the single-minded pursuit of keeping lives constantly in motion. Suggests that embracing a moment of doing nothing can lead to a profound silence. Raises the possibility of interrupting the sadness caused by not understanding ourselves. Stanza 7: Considers the Earth as a potential teacher. Draws parallels between moments when everything seems dead and later proves to be alive. Reiterates the act of counting to twelve as the poem's conclusion. Theme: The theme revolves around stillness, reflection, and the potential for positive change in the world through a moment of quiet contemplation. Message of the Poem: The poem encourages a temporary halt to human activities, particularly destructive ones, to foster understanding, peace, and a connection with life. It suggests that embracing silence can lead to a deeper appreciation for existence and a shift away from destructive behaviours. Literary Devices: Imagery: Descriptions like "Fishermen in the cold sea," and "man gathering salt" paint vivid pictures, enhancing the reader's visualization. Metaphor: "Prepare green wars" serves as a metaphor for environmental destruction, contrasting with the idea of walking in the shade doing nothing. Irony: The mention of those who "prepare green wars" putting on "clean clothes" is ironic, highlighting the contrast between destructive actions and the appearance of innocence. Repetition: The repetition of the phrase 'Those who prepare green wars, wars with gas, wars with fire..' Symbolism: The act of counting to twelve represents a structured, measured pause, emphasizing the significance of this moment. Alliteration: This is the repetition of consonant sounds at the beginning of words in close proximity. Examples: "we will" and "we would" - repetition of the 'w' sound. "sudden strangeness" - repetition of the 's' sound. "his hurt hands" - repetition of the 'h' sound. "wars with" and "clean clothes" - repetition of the 'w' and 'c' sounds. "we were, so single-minded" - repetition of the 's' sound. Anaphora: Anaphora is the repetition of a word or phrase at the beginning of successive clauses or lines. Examples: "Let’s" is repeated at the beginning of two consecutive lines, emphasizing the imperative nature of the poet's suggestion to not speak and to stop for one second. Assonance: Assonance involves the repetition of vowel sounds within nearby words. Examples "victory with no survivors" - repetition of the 'o' sound. ''clean clothes" - repetition of the 'e' sound. "Now we will count to twelve" - repetition of the 'o' sound. Enjambment: Enjambment occurs when a sentence or phrase runs over from one line to the next without a pause. Example : "and for once could do nothing, perhaps a huge silence" - the idea flows seamlessly from one line to the next, contributing to the fluidity and continuous rhythm of the poem. For CBE -Based Questions & NCERT Solution along with Detailed Explanation of the poem Keeping Quiet, Text Explanation , NCERT Solution, CBQs ( A Thing of Beauty Quick Revision Stanza 1: - A thing of beauty brings eternal joy. - Its beauty increases and never fades away. - It provides a peaceful shelter and induces sweet dreams, health, and tranquility. Stanza 2: - Despite challenges and dark times, people create a flowery band every morning to stay connected to the earth. - Beauty has the power to lift the spirits and dispel darkness from our souls. - Nature, including the sun, moon, trees, and daffodils, holds such beauty. Stanza 3: - Various elements of nature, like clear rills and musk-rose blooms, offer refreshing shelter against the heat. - The grandeur of imagined destinies for the mighty dead and the beauty in tales form an endless source of inspiration. 2) Message: The poem "A Thing of Beauty" by John Keats emphasizes the enduring power of beauty to bring joy and inspiration to life. Despite the challenges and darkness in the world, the poem suggests that beauty, whether found in nature or in human creations, has the ability to uplift and sustain the human spirit. The imagery of nature, the creation of a "flowery band," and the idea of beauty dispelling darkness convey a message of hope and the transcendent nature of aesthetic experiences. Literary Devices 1. Alliteration: - The use of consonant sounds at the beginning of two closely positioned words or in successive words. Examples 'Noble nature,' and the 's' in 'Some shape.' 'Sprouting Shady' 'Simple sheep,' and 'Cooling covert.' 2. Anaphora: - The repetition of the same word in two consecutive lines,' Example: Of noble natures' 'Of all the unhealthy.' 3. Antithesis: - The juxtaposition of opposing words, Example : 'Old and young.' 4. Metaphor: - The metaphorical use of 'Immortal drinks' to convey that beautiful natural objects endure like an everlasting beverage. - Describing the act of creating a 'flowery band' as a metaphor for the binding influence of beautiful things in our lives. - Comparing the calmness of a 'bower Quiet' to the soothing effect of beautiful things. 5. Inversion: - The reversal of the typical word order, as demonstrated in the phrase 'Are we wreathing a flowery band.' 6. Imagery: Evoking imagery with phrases like 'Bushes full of musk roses' creating vivid mental pictures. Depicting God's benevolence with the image of 'Pouring unto us from the heaven’s brink.' Utilizing imagery to describe trees offering shade ('Sprouting shady boon'), the growth of daffodils ('Daffodils with the green world they live in'), and pristine river streams ('Clear rills'). Creating a sensory effect by stringing together beautiful things in 'A flowery band to bind us.' For NCERT/CBE-Based Questions of the Poem , visit the following URL A Thing of Beauty , CBE & NCERT Questions , Poem Explanation | Board Exam 2024 ( A Roadside Stand Literary Devices TRANSFERRED EPITHET: Examples : The poet has used "polished traffic" to refer to the rich city dwellers. The poet has used "selfish cars" to describe the city-dwellers as selfish. PERSONIFICATION: A roadside stand that too pathetically pled Sadness is personified with the phrase "sadness that lurks near the open window there." METAPHOR: Trusting Sorrow OXYMORON & ALLITERATION: ‘Greedy good-doers’ ‘beneficent beasts’ of prey Assonance: 1. The prominent sound of the vowel 'o' in - "But for some of the money, the cash, whose flow supports." 2. Prominent sound of the vowel 'i' in - "The flower of cities from sinking and withering faint." 3. Prominent sound of the vowel 'i' - "And give us the life of the moving-pictures promise." Alliteration: - The repetition of the letter 'p' in "pathetically pled." - Repetition of the letter 'G' in "greedy good," 'B' in "beneficent beasts," and 'B' in "be bought." Transferred Epithet: The poet has used "polished traffic" to refer to the rich city dwellers. The poet has used "selfish cars" to describe the city-dwellers as selfish. Repetition: 1. The word "wrong" has been repeated in the sentence ' Of signs that with N turned wrong and S turned wrong 2. The word "sleep" has been repeated in the sentence ' And by teaching them how to sleep they sleep all day' 3. The words "country" has been repeated as in the sentence 'No, in country money, the country scale of gain' For Detailed Explanation of the poem , NCERT solution & CBE-Based Questions , Visit the following link A Roadside Stand | English Core | Class 12 ( Aunt Jennifer's Tigers Literary Devices Imagery: The poet has given a visual description of the tiger - "Bright topaz denizens of a world of green." Imagery is used again in the lines, "The tigers in the panel that she made / Will go on prancing, proud and unafraid. Metaphor: The poet has used a metaphor to show the vibrant yellow colour of the tigers - "The poet has used bright topaz to show the vibrant yellow colour of the tigers." Alliteration: The repetition of the letter 'c' in "chivalric certainty." Alliteration is used again with the repetition of the letter 'f' in "fluttering fingers." The repetition of the letter 'p' in "prancing proud." Consonance: Prominent sound of consonant 's' in " Aunt Jennifer's tigers prance across a screen." Assonance: Prominent sound of the vowel 'e' in "They do not fear the men beneath the tree." Assonance is used again with the prominent sound of the vowel 'i' in "Aunt is dead, her terrified hands will lie." Prominent sound of the vowel 'O' in "go on prancing, proud and unafraid." Anaphora: - It is the repetition of a word at the start of two or more consecutive lines Example: "They do not fear the men beneath the tree; They pace in sleek chivalric certainty." Personification: - The poet has personified the ring by using the word "sit" for it. Hyperbole: The poet has employed hyperbole by exaggerating about the ring's massive weight. Example: The massive weight of Uncles wedding band Paradox: A paradox is present in the line: "Here, someone whose fingers are fluttering is creating something that requires certainty." Another paradox is highlighted with the contrast between Aunt Jennifer's fear and weakness and her tigers' fearlessness and pride. In the context of the poem, a paradox is also evident in the idea that a woman who was tortured and mastered by her husband has created something free. Transferred Epithet: The poet used "terrified hands" to show that Aunt Jennifer was terrified even after her death. Example: When Aunt is dead, her terrified hands will lie Contrast: There is a contrast between Aunt Jennifer and her tigers, emphasizing Aunt Jennifer's weakness and fear compared to the fearless and proud nature of her tigers. For Detailed Explanation of the Poem, NCERT & CBE-based Questions, click the following link Aunt Jennifer's Tigers | CBE Questions | NCERT Solution | Board Exam 2024 (

  • English CBQ Extract Class XII:Board PYQs |

    Literature Extract ( ERCs) Questions of Previous Years 2023-2022 👇Lesson Hyperlinks for Quick Access👇 My Mother At Sixty Six Keeping Quiet A Roadside Stand The Third Level The Rattrap The Enemy On the Face of it The Interview Poets & pancakes A Thing of Beauty We Too Are Human Beings Going Places Q. Read the given extracts to attempt the questions with reference to the context. My Mother At sixty Six (a) but after airport’s security check, standing a few yards away, I looked again at her, Wan, pale as a late winter’s moon and felt that old familiar ache, my childhood’s fear but all I said was, see you soon, Amma, All I did was smile and smile and smile ------ (i) Choose the correct option : In the above extract the narrator feels (a) satisfied (b) fearful (c) nostalgic (d) regretful (ii) Identify the word in the extract that means ‘colourless’. (iii) Complete the following analogy correctly : She sang like a bird : Simile All I did was smile and smile and smile : ______ (iv) Read the following statement and choose the correct option : (1) The poet had gone through the security check. (2) She did not want to look at her mother. (a) (1) is true, but (2) is false. (b) (1) is false, but (2) is true. (c) Both (1) and (2) are true. (d) Both (1) and (2) are false. (v) What childhood fear is the poet referring to ? (vi) Fill the blank with appropriate words with reference to the extract : Pale as a winter’s moon suggests _______. Answer Key (i) b) fearful (ii) Wan/pale (iii) repetition (iv) (a) (1) is true, but (2) is false. (v) Suggested value points (any one) - fear of separation from mother - losing her mother (vi) Loss of - youthfulness / charm/ sheen/ brightness - approaching - dullness/ weakness and old age ( any one) My Mother At Sixty Six Q. Driving from my parent's home to Cochin last Friday morning, I saw my mother, beside me, doze, open mouthed, her face ashen like that of a corpse, and realized with pain that she was as old as she looked but soon put that thought away, and looked out at Young Trees sprinting, the merry children spilling out of their homes (i) The poet's mother looks I. exhausted II. healthy III. rejuvenated IV. pale V. relaxed Choose the most appropriate option: (a) Only V (b) I, III and V (c) I, II and IV (d) I and IV (ii) The poet looks out of the car because _______ (iii) Choose the option that displays the same poetic device as 'her face ashen like that of a corpse'. (a) stars winked in the midnight sky (b) a bitter sweet experience (c) as cold as ice (d) grey geese in the green field (iv) The phrase 'she realized with pain' indicates the poet's (a) anxiety of missing the flight. (b) fear of losing her mother. (c) fear of illness. (d) anxiety of taking her mother on the flight. (v) On the basis of the extract, study the two statements, I and II given below : I. The poet was in a hurry to reach the airport. II. The poet did not want to think about her mother growing old and infirm. Choose the most appropriate option : (a) I is correct, but II is incorrect (b) Both I and II are correct (c) Both I and II are incorrect (d) II is correct, but I is incorrect (vi) What does the phrase 'sprinting tree'? (a) youthfulness and forgetfulness (b) vitality and youthfulness (c) energy and casualness (d) pallor and exuberance Answer Key (i) d) I and IV (ii) she wants to put that thought away / to put away the thought of her mother’s imminent death / to divert or distract or deviate her mind (iii) (c) as cold as ice (iv) (b) fear of losing her mother. (v) (d) II is correct, but I is incorrect (vi) (b) vitality and youthfulness Question Paper set 1/4/1 I saw my mother, beside me, doze, open mouthed, her face ashen like that of a corpse and realised with pain that she was as old as she looked but soon put that thought away, and looked out at Young Trees sprinting, the merry children spilling out of their homes, (i) Identify the phrase that indicates youthful energy. (ii) Which thought is the poet trying to put away ? (a) missing the flight (b) fear of losing her mother (c) leaving her mother behind (d) reaching Cochin (iii) The Poet's mother is described as 'open mouthed' because ______ (a) she is curious (b) she is surprised (c) she was dead (d) she was dozing (iv) Complete the following analogy : children spilling : metaphor : : ___________ : personification (v) The sight of the trees and the children helped the poet _______ . (vi) In the given extract the phrase 'realised with pain' indicates the poet's (a) anxiety (b) desperation (c) troubled past (d) ill-health Answer Key (i) young trees sprinting / merry children spilling (ii) (b) fear of losing her mother (iii) (d) she was dozing (iv) trees sprinting (v) distract or divert herself / cope with the thought of separation or sadness / put that thought away / put the thought of separation away (vi) (a) anxiety Keeping Quiet Now we will count to twelve and we will all keep still. For once on the face of the Earth let's not speak in any language, let's stop for one second, and not move our arms so much. It would be an exotic moment without rush, without engines, we would all be together in a sudden strangeness. (Keeping Quiet) (i) Significance of counting up to twelve is (a) it is time to start the race. (b) it is symbolic of life. (c) it is a measure of time. (d) that time does not wait for anyone. (ii) The word __________ in the extract means unusual and exciting. (iii) Excessive activity would create an atmosphere of (a) productivity (b) mechanisation (c) confusion (d) competition. (iv) The poet would want to create all of the following EXCEPT (a) a peaceful environment. (b) a harmonious world. (c) an atmosphere for introspection. (d) a world full of hustle and bustle. (v) Complete the following analogy correctly: face of the Earth: ________ : : sudden strangeness: alliteration (vi) On the basis of the extract, study the two statements, I and II given below I. People must keep silent at twelve everyday. II. Introspection will lead to peaceful coexistence. Choose the most appropriate option : (a) I is false, but II is true (b) Both I and II are false (c) Both I and II are true (d) I is true, but II is false Answer Key (i) (c) it is a measure of time. (ii) exotic (iii) (b) mechanisation (iv) (d) a world full of hustle and bustle (v) personification (vi) a) I is false, but II is true A Roadside Stand (ii) Sometimes I feel myself I can hardly bear The thought of so much childish longing in vain, The sadness that lurks near the open window there, That waits all day in almost open prayer. For the squeal of brakes, the sound of a stopping car, Of all the thousand selfish cars that pass, Just one to inquire what a farmer’s prices are. (i) What is the sentiment expressed in the above extract ? (i) remorse (ii) regret (iii) empathy (iv) disappointment (v) guilt Choose the correct appropriate option. (a) (iii) and (iv) (b) (ii) and (iii) (c) (iv) and (v) (d) (i) and (v) (ii) Identify the phrase in the extract that suggests ‘innocent desires’. (iii) The roadside stand owners pray for ______. (a) a relief from the heat (b) free housing (c) cars stopping (d) benefits from pollution (iv) Complete the following analogy correctly : He fought like a lion: Simile :: selfish cars : _____ (v) On the basis of the extract, choose the correct option with reference to (1) and (2) given below : (1) The people who have put up the roadside stand keep waiting for customers. (2) They become sad when someone turns up. (a) (1) is true, but (2) is false. (b) (1) is false, but (2) is true. (c) Both (1) and (2) are true. (d) Both (1) and (2) are false. (vi) Fill the blank appropriately with reference to the extract. ‘Squeal of brakes’ implies ________ Answer Key (i) (a) (iii) and (iv) (ii) ‘childish longing’ (iii) (c) cars stopping (iv) Transferred epithet / personification (v) (a) (1) is true, but (2) is false. (vi) applying of brakes / stopping of cars Set Question No. 1/4/1 In front at the edge of the road where the traffic sped, A roadside stand too pathetically pled, It would not be fair to say for a dole of bread, But for some of the money, the cash, whose flow supports The flower of cities from sinking and withering faint. The polished traffic passed with a mind ahead, Or if ever aside a moment, then out of sorts At having the landscape marred with the artless paint Of signs that with N turned wrong and S turned wrong (i) What is the tone of the poet in the extract ? Choose the correct option : (a) optimistic (b) resigned (c) sympathetic (d) indifferent (ii) With reference to the given extract, what harm has been caused by the 'artless paint?' (iii) The city is compared to ____________ . (a) a landscape (b) signs of N and S c) a flower (d) a dole of bread (iv) Choose the correct option : The roadside stand is (a) at the edge of the road. (b) marred with artless paint. (c) like the flower of cities. (d) well maintained. (v) What type of expectations do the stand owners have from the city dwellers who come there ? (vi) Complete the analogy with a word from the given extract. donate : contribute : : dying : ___________ Answer Key (i) c) sympathetic (ii) spoilt the view / marred the scenic beauty / damaged the landscape (iii) (c) a flower (iv)  (a) at the edge of the road (v) buy their produce and give some cash in return / stop and promote their business. (vi) withering Question Code 1/5/1 A Thing of Beauty A thing of beauty is a joy forever Its loveliness increases, it will never pass into nothingness: but will keep A bower quiet for us, and a sleep Full of sweet dreams, and health and quiet and breathing. Therefore, on every morrow are we wreathing A flowery band to bind us to the earth; Spite of despondence, of the inhuman dearth Of noble natures, of the gloomy days, Of all the unhealthy and o’er darkened ways Made for our searching. (i) Keats defines beauty as (a) transient (b) eternal (c) illusionary (d) short lived (ii) ‘will keep a bower quiet for us’ means all of the following EXCEPT (a) create a peaceful, shady place (b) provide a shelter ( (c) will decrease noise pollution (d) nature’s canopy (iii) On the basis of the extract, choose the correct option with reference to the two statements given below : 1. Beautiful things uplift the soul. 2. Beauty is everchanging. (a) 1 can be inferred from the extract but 2 cannot. (b) 2 can be inferred from the extract but 1 cannot. (c) both 1 and 2 can be inferred from the extract. (d) both 1 and 2 cannot be inferred from the extract. (iv) The things that cause unhappiness are (1) lack of noble nature (2) old tunes (3) dull days (4) calm mind (5) a flowery band (6) strong relationships Choose the most appropriate option : (a) (1) and (2) (b) (1) and (3) (c) (4) and (5) (d) (3) and (6) (v) Complete the analogy. Do not repeat from used example : flowery band : metaphor :: : _________ : alliteration (vi) According to the poet ‘every morrow’ we are _______. Answer Key (i) (b) eternal (ii)  (c ) will decrease noise pollution (iii) (a ) 1 can be inferred from the extract but 2 cannot. (iv) (b) (1) and (3) (v) noble natures, band to bind (vi) wreathing a flowery band / getting close to nature CBSE Sample Paper 2023-24 And such too is the grandeur of the dooms We have imagined for the mighty dead; All lovely tales that we have heard or read: An endless fountain of immortal drink, Pouring unto us from the heaven's brink. (i) Which of the following themes is best represented in the given extract? A. The beauty of nature B. The power of imagination C. The immortality of art and literature D. The inevitability of death (ii) State whether the given statement is TRUE or FALSE, with reference to the extract. By referring to the dead as "mighty", the poet emphasizes their importance and the power they exerted on the people. (iii) Complete the sentence appropriately. The "endless fountain of immortal drink" is an apt analogy for the tales of the mighty dead because ____________________________. (iv) The use of the word "brink" in the extract suggests that the immortality that is being poured onto us is on the verge of overflowing. This creates a powerful image of ___________. (v) Select the option that is NOT true about the lack of punctuation at the end of line 1 in the extract. A. Creates a sense of continuity and flow that connects the line with the second line. B. Encourages the reader to continue reading seamlessly without any pause. C. Creates a sense of anticipation and expectation for the reader. D. Encourages a revisit to the ideas in the preceding lines. Question Code 1/5/1 Aunt Jennifer's Tigers Aunt Jennifer’s tigers prance across a screen, Bright topaz denizens of a world of green, They do not fear the men beneath the tree; They pace in sleek chivalric certainty. Aunt Jennifer’s fingers fluttering through her wool Find even the ivory needle hard to pull. The massive weight of uncle’s wedding band Sits heavily upon Aunt Jennifer’s hand. (i) Denizens of the world of green refer to ______. (a) huntsmen (b) Aunt Jennifer (c) uncle (d) tigers (ii) Choose the option that displays the same poetic device as used in the second line of the extract. (a) heart of stone (b) trees sprouting (c) silver spoon (d) white murder (iii) The men setting beneath the tree are _______. (iv) What quality of uncle can be inferred through these lines ? (a) compassionate nature (b) courageous (c) confident (d) dominating (v) The tigers in the extract are symbolic of (a) creativity and courage (b) confidence and gentleness (c) cruelty and fear (d) aggression and starving (vi) Aunt Jennifer’s tigers prance across (1) the screen (2) the fields (3) the embroidered tunic (4) the cage Which of the following is the most appropriate choice ? (a) (1) and (2) (b) (2) and (4) (c) (1), (2) and (3) (d) (1) and (3) Answer Key (i) (d) tigers (ii) (a) heart of stone (iii) the hunters / symbolic of patriarchal society / any other relevant answer (iv) (d) dominating (v) (b) confidence and gentleness (vi) (d) (1) and (3) The Third Level (a) The clerk figured the fare – he glanced at my fancy hat band, but he figured the fare – and I had enough for two coach tickets, one way. But when I counted out the money and looked up, the clerk was staring at me. He nodded at the bills. “That ain’t money, mister,” he said, “and if you’re trying to skin me, you won’t get very far,” and he glanced at the cash drawer, beside him. Of course the money was old-style bills half again as big as the money we use nowadays and different looking. (i) Why did Charley ask for two tickets ? (ii) Complete the sentence by choosing the correct option : When Charley offered money to the booking clerk, the latter stared at Charley because the booking clerk ________ (a) thought it wasn’t money . (b) did not trust Charley. (c) thought Charley was trying to tease him. (d) thought that Charley had given him less money. (iii) Select the option that best describes Charley in this extract. He is (a) a cheat (b) gullible (c) an opportunist (d) an escapist (iv) ‘If you’re trying to skin me’ suggests ________ Answer Key (i) wanted to take his wife (Louisa) with him (ii) (a) thought it wasn’t money (iii) (d) an escapist (iv) to cheat / dupe / fleece / make fool of Question Code : 1/4/1 941 Willard Street Galesburg, Illinois July 18, 1894 Charley I got to wishing that you were right. Then I got to believing you were right. And, Charley, it's true; I found the third level! I've been here two weeks, and right now, down the street at the Daly's, someone is playing a piano, and they're all out on the front porch singing 'Seeing Nelly Home'. And I'm invited over for lemonade. Come on back, Charley and Louisa. Keep looking till you find the third level! It's worth it, believe me! The note is signed Sam. (i) What was the feeling of Sam as conveyed in the letter ? Choose the appropropriate option in the context of the extract. (a) surprise (b) doubt (c) excitement (d) anger (ii) What was Sam Weiner reaction when Charley told him about the third level ? (a) dismissal (b) acceptance (c) wonderstruck (d) puzzled (iii) The phrase' Charlie, it's true' in the context of the extract implies which of the given options. I. Sam is relaxed II. Charley had migrated with Louisa III. The existence of the third level iv. Sam had met Charley's grandfather. Choose the most appropriate option: (a) I and II (b) II and IV (c) I and III (d) IV only (iv) Sam wrote the letter to Charley in order to __________ . Answer Key (i) (c) excitement (ii) (b) acceptance (iii) (c) I and III (iv) motivate him to keep looking for the third level till he found it / confirm the existence of the third level / invite him to Galesburg Question Code 1/5/1 To make sure, I walked over the newsboy and glanced at the stack of papers at his feet. It was The World and The World hasn’t been published for years. The lead story said something about President Cleveland. I’ve found that front page since, in the Public library files, and it was printed June 11, 1894. I turned toward the ticket windows knowing that here – on the third level at Grand Central – I could buy tickets that would take Louisa and me anywhere in the United States we wanted to go. In the year 1894. And I wanted two tickets to Galesburg, Illinois. (i) The newspaper that covered the lead story about President Cleveland was (a) The Pioneer (b) The New York Times (c) The World (d) The Times (ii) The narrator wanted to buy tickets to _______. (iii) Which of the following in the extract most nearly means the opposite of ‘stare’ ? (a) glance (b) peek (c) ignore (d) examine (iv) Charley wanted two tickets because he wanted to go with (a) Sam (b) Cleveland (c) Louisa (d) the Psychiatrist Answer Key (i) (c) The World (ii) Galesburg (iii) (a) glance (iv) (c) Louisa Lost Spring (a) And in dark hutments, next to lines of flames of flickering oil lamps, sit boys and girls with their fathers and mothers, welding pieces of coloured glass into circles of bangles. Their eyes are more adjusted to the dark than to the light outside. That is why they often end up losing their eyesight before they become adults. (i) Complete the sentence with reference to the extract : Their eyes are more adjusted to the dark than to the light outside because ______. (ii) Which of the following would NOT be true ? (a) The hutments were shining and inviting. (b) The children’s lives were as bleak as their surrounding. (c) There were no electricity connections. (d) The boys and girls had got used to the dark. (iii) The bangle workers lose their eyesight before they became adults because ____ (a) they already have poor eyesight. (b) they work in dim light. (c) they are married in childhood. (d) they are malnourished. (iv) Which of the following most nearly means ‘adjusted’ in the context of the extract ? (a) conditioned (b) favoured (c) accepted (d) reconciled (v) ‘Flickering oil lamps’ suggests ________. (vi) What is the antonym from the extract of the word ‘rarely’ ? Answer Key (i) Suggested value points ( any one) most of the time is spent in dark hutments - of the flickering oil lamps - of dim light (ii) (a) The hutments were shining and inviting. (iii) (b) they work in dim light. (iv) (a) conditioned (v) dim / blinking / fluctuating / varying (any one) (vi) often Question Code 1/5/1 Extract No. 2 “I sometimes find a rupee, even a ten rupee note”, Saheb says, his eyes lighting up when you can find a silver coin in a heap of garbage, you don’t stop scrounging, for there is hope of finding more. It seems that for children, garbage has a meaning different from what it means to their parents. For the children it is wrapped in wonder, for the elders it is a means of survival. One winter morning I see Saheb standing by the fenced gate of the neighbourhood club, watching two young men dressed in white, playing tennis. “I like the game”, he hums, content to watch it standing behind the fence. “I go inside when no one is around” he admits. “The gate keeper lets me use the swing.” (i) Saheb found a rupee (a) on the street (b) in the garbage dump (c) in Firozabad (d) on the tennis court (ii) Which emotion of Saheb is revealed in the phrase ‘his eyes lighting up’ ? (a) anxiety (b) envy (c) happiness (d) greed (iii) For the elders garbage is _______ and for children it is _______. (iv) On the basis of the extract, choose the correct option with reference to I and II given below : I. Saheb watches the game from outside. II. Saheb had lost the previous match. (a) I is true but II is not (b) II is true but I is not (c) Both I and II are true (d) Both I and II are untrue (v) ‘Scrounging’ in the passage most nearly means. (a) digging (b) searching (c) flinging (d) burying (vi) ‘There is hope for finding more’. Explain with reference to the above extract. Answer Key (i) (b) in the garbage dump (ii) (c) happiness (iii) survival, wrapped in wonder. (iv) ( a) I is true but II is not (v) (b) searching (vi) more money / more silver coins / something precious / something valuable (any one) The Rattrap (b) “I am thinking of this stranger here,” said Edla “He walks and walks the whole year long, and there is probably not a single place in the whole country where he is welcome and can feel at home. Wherever he turns he is chased away. Always he is afraid of being arrested and cross-examined. I should like to have him enjoy a day of peace with us here-just one in the whole year.” (i) Complete the following sentence with the most appropriate option : Edla wished the Pedlar to have a peaceful day because ______ (a) the Pedlar had worked for Edla. (b) the Pedlar had not been released from jail. (c) the Pedlar had been staying at the forge. (d) the Pedlar had always been looked with suspicion. (ii) Select the suitable word from the extract to complete analogy. single : multiple :: abroad : _________ (iii) In the above extract, Edla comes across as (a) conscientious (b) pretentions (c) compassionate (d) selfless (iv) Based on the above extract, choose the statement which is true. (a) relationships are rattraps. (b) money is important in the world. (c) criminal is not born but made. (d) christmas is a time of charity (v) In the context of the given extract, which day is referred to in the expression ‘just one in the whole year’ ? (vi) What does the expression ‘he is cross examined’ suggest ? Answer Key (i) (d) the peddler had always been looked with suspicion. (ii) home (iii) (c) compassionate (iv) (d) Christmas is a time of charity (v) Christmas (vi) questioned / interrogated / (any other suitable answer) Question Code: 1/3/1 ( 2023) The Enemy "You are to come to the palace," the man said. "The old General is in pain again." "Oh," Hana breathed, "Is that all?" "All?" the messenger exclaimed. "Is it not enough?" "Indeed it is," she replied, "I am very sorry." When Sadao came to say goodbye, she was in the kitchen, but doing nothing. The children were asleep and she sat merely resting for a moment, more exhausted from her fright than from work. (i) Seeing the messenger, Hana was apprehensive of ________ (ii) The summons for Dr. Sadao were because (a) the servants had reported. (b) there was a medical emergency. (c) the General wanted to express his admiration. (d) the prisoner of war had escaped. (iii) Which of the following summarizes Hana's reason for resting momentarily? (a) Her physical exhaustion (b) Her fear (c) Her infirmity (d) Her sadness (iv) Complete the analogy correctly with a word from the extract. asleep awake :: rejuvenated: ________ Answer Key (i) Dr. Sadao’s arrest / the authorities coming to know about the presence of POW in their house / of the servants having informed about the presence of the POW (ii) (b) there was a medical emergency. (iii) (b) her fear (iv) exhausted On the Face of It Mr. Lamb: Look, boy, look... what do you see? Derry: Just... grass and stuff. Weeds Mr. Lamb: Some call them weeds. If you like, then a weed garden, that. There's fruit and there are flowers, and trees and herbs. All sorts. But over there weeds. I grow weeds there. Why is one green, growing plant called a weed and another 'flower'? Where's the difference? It's all life... growing. Same as you and me. Derry: We're not the same. (i) In the above extract, what best summarizes Mr. Lamb's attitude towards growing weeds? (a) a celebration of life (b) an acceptance of his poverty (c) a manifestation of his loneliness (d) an example of his gardening skills (ii) Which of the following best describes Derry's tone when he says "We're not the same"? (a) bitter (b) confused (c) defiant (d) snobbish (iii) Mr. Lamb brings out the contrast between flowers and weeds in order to (a) explain weeds are important in a garden. (b) demonstrate that weeds have medicinal values. (c) emphasize the specific purpose of each. (d) illustrate that there should be no distinction. (iv) What word from the above extract most nearly means the opposite of 'difference'? Answer Key (i) a) a celebration of life (ii)  (a) bitter (iii) (d) illustrate that there should be no distinction (iv) same Question Code: 1/2/1 Mr. Lamb : Well that needn’t stop you, you needn’t mind. Derry : It’d stop them. They’d mind me. When they saw me here. They look at my face and run. Mr. Lamb : They might. They might not. You’d have to take the risk. So would they. Derry : No, you would, you might have me and lose all your other friends, because nobody wants to stay near me if they can help it. Mr. Lamb : I’ve not moved. Derry : No ……. Mr. Lamb : When I go down the street, the kids shout ‘Lamey Lamb’. But they still come into the Garden, into my house; it’s a game. They’re not afraid of me. Why should they be ? Because I’m not afraid of them, that’s why not.’ (i) The kids tease Mr. Lamb but still come into his garden. Why ? (ii) Choose the best option that describes Mr. Lamb. (a) headstrong (b) pessimist (c) negligent (d) positive (iii) Choose the correct option with reference to the extract : What makes Derry tell Mr. Lamb that if he comes, others would stop coming ? (a) Mr. Lamb would not let others come. (b) They would be repulsed by Derry. (c) Mr. Lamb will have to choose between him and others. (d) Derry would flare up. (iv) What does Mr. Lamb mean by ‘They might, they might not’ ? Answer Key (i) Suggested value points ( any one) they are not afraid of him - it is a game - to steal the crab apples - to play in the garden (ii) (d) positive (iii) (b) They would be repulsed by Derry. (iv) Suggested Value points Mr. Lamb is not sure of kids’ reaction to Derry’s presence in the garden - Kids may or may not run away. Question Code 1/4/1 Derry: What do you do all day? Mr. Lamb: Sit in the sun. Read books, Ah, you thought it was an empty house, but inside, it's full. Books and other things. Full. Derry: But there aren't any curtains at the windows. Mr. Lamb: I'm not fond of curtains, shutting things out, shutting things in. I like the light and the darkness, and the windows open, to hear the wind. (i) The description of the house indicates that Mr. Lamb __________ (ii) The expression does not like shutting things out, shutting things in suggests Mr. Lamb's (a) welcoming nature. (b) poverty-stricken existence. (c) lack of resources. (d) confused state of mind. (iii) Mr. Lamb spends his time ___________ . I. reading books II. cooking meals II. shutting things out IV. enjoying beauties of nature Which of the following options are appropriate ? (a) I and IV (b) II, III and IV (c) I and II (d) I and III (iv) On the basis of the extract, study the two statements, I and II given below : I. Mr. Lamb liked meeting people. II. Mr. Lamb accepted life as it came. Choose the most appropriate option : (a) I can be inferred from the extract, but II cannot. (b) II can be inferred from the extract, but I cannot. (c) Both I and II can be inferred from the extract. (d) Neither I nor II can be inferred from the extract. Answer Key (i) is fond of reading / is welcoming / doesn’t like to shut things / is open minded / is large hearted / is positive / enjoys nature / is alone / accepts life as it comes (ii) (a) welcoming nature (ii) (a) I and IV (iv) (c) Both I and II can be inferred from the extract. The Interview (A) Read the following extract and answer the questions that follow : (6x1=6 ) Rudyard Kipling expressed an even more condemnatory attitude towards the interviewer. His wife, Caroline, writes in her diary for 14 October, 1892 that their day was 'wrecked by two reporters from Boston'. She reports her husband as saying to the reporters, "Why do I refuse to be interviewed ? Because it is immoral! It is a crime, just as much of a crime as an offence against my person, as an assault, and just as much merits punishment. It is cowardly and vile. No respectable man would ask it, much less give it." Yet Kipling had himself perpetrated such an 'assault' on Mark Twain only a few years before. H.G. Wells in an interview in 1894 referred to the 'interviewing ordeal', but was a fairly frequent interviewee and forty years later found himself interviewing Joseph Stalin. (i) Kipling viewed interviews with (a) compassion. (b) condemnation. (c) reconciliation. (d) gratitude. (ii) Kipling assaulted with an interview. (a) H.G. Wells (b) Joseph Stalin (c) T.S. Eliot (d) Mark Twain (iii) Complete the analogy with a word from the extract: attack: assault:: committed: _______ (iv) The word 'wrecked' in the extract most nearly means (a) ravaged. (b) annihilated. (c) killed. (d) ruined. (v) Rudyard Kipling uses the phrase 'it is a crime' because he feels it is (a) illegal. (b) an offence against his person. (c) an act of espionage. (d) a waste of time. (vi) Kipling violated his own observation on interviewing by ______ Answer Key (i) (b) condemnation (ii) d) Mark Twain (iii)  perpetrated (iv)  (d) ruined (v) b) an offence against his person (vi) committing the same assault on Mark Twain / taking an interview of Mark Twain CBSE Practice Questions | Set I Extract 2 So it is hardly surprising that opinions of the interview --- of its functions, methods and merits --- vary considerably. Some might make quite extravagant claims for it as being, in its highest form, a source of truth, and, in its practice, an art. Others, usually celebrities who see themselves as its victims, might despise the interview as an unwarranted intrusion into their lives, or feel that it somehow diminishes them, just as in some primitive cultures it is believed that if one takes a photographic portrait of somebody then one is stealing that person's soul. V. S. Naipaul feels that, 'Some people are wounded by interviews and lose a part of themselves.' Lewis Carroll, the creator of Alice in Wonderland, was said to have had 'a just horror of the interviewer' and he never consented to be interviewed. (The Interview: Part I) (i) Identify any one contrast in the extract and explain it in one sentence in your own words. (ii) Based on V. S. Naipaul's quote, we can say that interviews __________. A. are forced upon people B. are physically violent in nature C. can build hostility and hatred D. can be a traumatic experience (iii) What is common between how celebrities feel about interviews and how primitive cultures viewed photographic portraits? (iv) Which of these uses 'just' in the same way as the following expression in the extract? ' 'a just horror of the interviewer' A. The just decision in the case against the criminal will empower us. B. I just need to buy one pencil so we can go shopping tomorrow. C. We will get back to you on this query in just a moment. D. The little girl looks just like her mother. (v) What makes an interview 'a source of truth'? State any one feature? (vi) Complete the given sentence appropriately. The author of the extract has a/an __________ tone while describing the interview. Answer Key (i) ♦ The positive and negative opinions about the interview are being contrasted. ♦ The views of people who read interviews and those who get interviewed are being contrasted. Accept any relevant response. (ii) D. can be a traumatic experience [The quote focuses on the negative experience of an interview, which is that it can wound people to the point of them losing a part of themselves. This option correctly paraphrases this as a conclusion. (iii) Any One ♦ Both find it intrusive. ♦ Both think it somehow diminishes who they are. ♦ Both are not in favour of these ways of capturing someone's essence. (iv) A. The just decision in the case against the criminal will empower us. (v) Any One ♦ A feature of an interview is that we get information about the person from the person themself. ♦ An interview is usually done on-the-spot, which does not give us practiced responses. ♦ The interviewer asks the interviewee specific questions which the interviewee may not have disclosed otherwise. (vi) Any one ♦ neutral/balanced ♦ factual/objective ♦ matter-of-fact/unemotional CBSE Practice Set 2 Saul Bellow, who has consented to be interviewed on several occasions, nevertheless once described interviews as being like thumbprints on his windpipe. Yet despite the drawbacks of the interview, it is a supremely serviceable medium of communication. “These days, more than at any other time, our most vivid impressions of our contemporaries are through interviews,” Denis Brian has written. “Almost everything of moment reaches us through one man asking questions of another. Because of this, the interviewer holds a position of unprecedented power and influence.” (The Interview I) Completely the following appropriately. (i) Saul Bellow's comparison of interviews to "thumbprints on his windpipe”, implies . (ii) What is complex and multifaceted about the dual nature of the interview process? (iii) Select the option that DOES NOT correspond with the view that an interview is “a supremely serviceable medium of communication”. A. highly effective B. a tool for training C. versatile D. impactful (iv) How do interviews play a vital role in helping shape public perceptions? (v) Complete the following appropriately. The phrase 'everything of moment’ refers to . (vi) List ONE possible reason for the ‘unprecedented' power of interviewer. Answer Key (i) discomfort / sense of intrusion (ii)  interviews remain a crucial and indispensable means of communication, allowing for the transmission of meaningful information and insights. (iii) B. a tool for training (iv)  By offering a direct and unfiltered connection between the interviewee and the audience (v) (Any one) events, ideas, or information that hold significance or importance. crucial and noteworthy aspects of life, society, or culture substantial and impactful content (vi) Suggested Value Points ( any One ) Role as facilitators - Interviewers guide conversations, extracting valuable insights and information from interviewees. Knowledge brokers - Interviewers bridge gaps in understanding, acting as conduits for knowledge transfer between experts and the audience. Narrative shapers - Through questions and dialogue, interviewers shape the narrative, influencing how information is presented and perceived Audience representatives - Interviewers represent the audience, asking questions that resonate with public inquisitiveness and concerns Cultural Interpreters - They interpret and contextualise information, making it accessible and relatable to a broader audience. Gatekeepers of information - Interviewers control the flow of information, deciding which aspects to highlight, amplifying their role in shaping perceptions. For More Extract Questions from The Interview, Click the following link. Poets & Pancakes Then the poet spoke. He couldn't have addressed a more dazed and silent audience- no one knew what he was talking about and his accent defeated any attempt to understand what he was saying. The whole thing lasted about an hour; then the poet left and we all dispersed in utter bafflement - what are we doing? What is an English poet doing in a film studio which makes Tamil films for the simplest sort of people? People whose lives least afforded them the possibility of cultivating a taste for English poetry? The poet looked pretty baffled too, for he too must have felt the sheer incongruity of his talk about the thrills and travails of an English poet. His visit remained an unexplained mystery. (i) Choose the appropriate option with reference to the extract. 'The audience were dazed' because (a) they were not accustomed to listening to poetry. (b) they had never before seen an Englishman. (c) they failed to comprehend what the poet was speaking. (d) they were already bored. (ii) Complete the sentence with reference to the extract: The English poet was_______ when he was addressing the dazed audience. (iii)Where did the talk take place? (a) The Main Mall (b) Story Writing Department (c) Film studio (d) Subbu’s office (iv) The English poet's visit is an 'unexplained mystery' because _________. (v) Complete the analogy with a word from the extract : noisy : silent : : assembled : _______ (vi) Explain the following phrase with reference to the extract : The poet felt 'the sheer incongruity of his talk'. Answer Key (i) (c) they failed to comprehend what the poet was speaking (ii) Ans: . baffled/confused/was feeling the sheer incongruity of his talk (iii) (c) Film studio (iv) they could not understand what an English poet was doing in a film studio making Tamil films / could not understand the purpose of his visit (v) dispersed (vi) the audience did not understand the language the poet was speaking / were feeling out of place / the poet’s inability to connect with the audience. For More Extract Questions from Poets and Pancakes, Click the following link Question Code 1/5/1 We Too are Human Beings When I was studying in the third class, I hadn’t yet heard people speak openly of untouchability. But I had already seen, felt, experienced and been humiliated by what it is. I was walking home from school one day, an old bag hanging from my shoulder. It was actually possible to walk the distance in ten minutes. But usually it would take me from half an hour to an hour to dawdle along watching all the fun and games that were going on, all the entertaining novelties and oddities in the streets, the shops and the bazaar. (i) The narrator was humiliated because _____. (ii) The narrator ‘dawdled along’ as she _____. (a) enjoyed looking at the various sights (b) was getting late for school (c) she didn’t like going home (d) she enjoyed haggling and shopping (iii) On the basis of the extract, choose the correct option with reference to the two statements given below : (I) The distance from school to home was very short. (II) She was feeling upset and so dawdling her way home. (a) (I) can be inferred from the extract but (II) cannot (b) (II) can be inferred from the extract but (I) cannot (c) Both (I) and (II) cannot be inferred from the extract (d) Both (I) and (II) can be inferred from the extract (iv) The word ‘novelties’ in the passage most nearly means (a) colourful trinkets (b) wooden toys (c) unique and interesting items (d) expensive souvenirs Answer Key (i) she was born in a community that was treated as untouchable / victim of caste discrimination (any other relevant point) (ii) (a) enjoyed looking at the various sights (iii) (a) (I) can be inferred from the extract but (II) cannot (iv) (c ) unique and interesting items CBSE Additional Practice Questions (Set I ) The man ceased his mutterings, and then a third bell was tapped. Every one picked up his knife and fork and began eating. I began crying instead, for by this time I was afraid to venture anything more. But this eating by formula was not the hardest trial in that first day. Late in the morning, my friend Judewin gave me a terrible warning. Judewin knew a few words of English; and she had overheard the paleface woman talk about cutting our long, heavy hair. Our mothers had taught us that only unskilled warriors who were captured had their hair shingled by the enemy. Among our people, short hair was worn by mourners, and shingled hair by cowards! (Memories of Childhood: The Cutting of my Long Hair) (i) Which of these can be inferred from the extract? A. The speaker did not understand or speak English. B. The speaker did not think highly of her own culture. C. The speaker did not have any living family members. D. The speaker did not know what a knife or fork were used for. (ii) How was the speaker feeling by the time the third bell rang? Why did she feel this way? (iii) Complete the given sentence appropriately. The speaker compares her experience of eating to that of a trial because __________. (iv) Based on the extract, what would it mean to the speaker if her long hair was cut? Answer Key (i) A. The speaker did not understand or speak English. (ii) Suggested Points ( Any one) ♦ The speaker started crying because she felt confused and out-of place. ♦ She couldn't understand the rituals and was probably feeling embarrassed. ♦ She was too scared to act because she was not able to do anything correctly. (iii) Suggested Value Points ( Any One ) ♦ she was being watched and judged throughout ♦ it felt like a test of her survival ♦ it was as gruelling as a trial in court might have been (iv) Suggested Value Points ( Any One ) ♦ It would mean a loss of her culture/cultural identity ♦ It would bring her shame ♦ It would cut her roots to her culture and traditions Set Question No. 1/5/1 Going Places “Or an actress. Now there’s real money in that. Yes, and I could may be have the boutique on the side. Actresses don’t work full time, do they ? Anyway, that or a fashion designer. You know –something a bit sophisticated”. And she turned in through the open street door leaving Jansie standing in the rain. “If I ever come into money I’ll buy a boutique”. “Huh, if you ever come into money … if you ever come into money you’ll buy us a blessed decent house to live in, thank you very much.” Sophie’s father was scooping shepherd’s pie into his mouth as hard as he could go, his plump face still grimy and sweat – marked from the day. “She thinks money grows on trees, don’t she Dad ? Said little Derek, hanging on the back of his father’s chair. Their mother sighed. (i) Sophie wants to become an actress to (a) become famous (b) to earn money (c) to support her father (d) to compete with Jansie (ii) Jansie wanted Sophie to spend her money on (a) her marriage (b) her career (c) to open a boutique (d) buying a house (iii) Sophie is daydreaming about _______. (iv) The phrase ‘money grows on trees’ indicates that Sophie _____. (v) Sophie’s mother’s sigh is one of (a) regret (b) delight (c) relief (d) helplessness (vi) From the extract Jansie comes across as a _____ person. (a) practical (b) dominating (c) immature (d) starstruck Answer Key (i) b) to earn money (ii) Note: If the child has attempted the question, marks should be awarded (iii) Suggested value points: ( Any one) becoming an actress opening a boutique becoming a manager in boutique becoming a fashion designer (iv) Suggested value points: (Any One) is daydreaming fantasizing is impractica does not know the value of money (v) (d) helplessness (vi) (a) practical

  • Chapter-wise Board Exam Questions: English Core | Class XII | PYQs

    "Unleashing Success: Mastering Board Exams with Insights from 2019 to 2023 '' 2023-2019 (Board-PYQs-English) 👇Lessons Hyperlinks for Quick Access👇 The Last Lesson Indigo Lost spring Rattrap Going Places Aunt Jennifer's Tigers Journey To The End of the Earth The Third Level The Tiger King On the Face of It The Enemy The Last Lesson Q1. When do the residents of Alsace realize how precious their language is to them? The residents of Alsace realize how precious their language is to them when M. Hamel announces that the order has come from Berlin to teach only German in the schools of Alsace and Lorraine. This revelation occurs during M. Hamel's last French lesson, marking the end of French language instruction. The news shocks the students and the villagers present in the school, making them aware of the imminent loss of their language. The realization dawns upon them that holding onto their language is crucial, as it is a key to preserving their identity and resisting the cultural assimilation imposed by the occupying Prussians. Q2. What was Franz's feeling as he set out for school and why? Franz's feeling as he set out for school was a mixture of dread and fear. He was particularly anxious about M. Hamel's announcement that there would be a question on participles, a topic he knew nothing about. The fear of a scolding and the pressure of the upcoming examination made Franz briefly consider skipping school and enjoying the beautiful day outdoors. However, Franz ultimately resists the temptation and decides to go to school despite his apprehensions. Q3. Why was M. Hamel dressed in formal clothes in school? M. Hamel was dressed in formal clothes in school because it was his last lesson before leaving Alsace. He wore his beautiful green coat, frilled shirt, and a little black silk cap, all embroidered. This attire was reserved for special occasions like inspections and prize days. M. Hamel's formal dressing on this particular day symbolized the significance and solemnity of the occasion, marking the end of his forty years of faithful service as a teacher in Alsace. Q4. The last lesson reflects the flaws in human character that led to the sad plight of people in Alsace. Substantiate your answer with evidence from the text. The text suggests the flaws in human character that contributed to the sad plight of the people in Alsace. M. Hamel, in his final lesson, points out the procrastination and neglect of learning among both the students and their parents. He mentions how everyone, including himself, had put off learning, thinking they had plenty of time. The teacher acknowledges his own role in diverting students from studies, such as sending them to water flowers or giving holidays for fishing. Moreover, the mention of the old men of the village sitting in the back of the room with regretful expressions indicates a collective sense of remorse. Their failure to prioritize education and language learning contributed to the vulnerability of the community when faced with the imposition of German as the sole language of instruction. Overall, the text suggests that personal shortcomings, including procrastination and a lack of commitment to education, played a part in the cultural and linguistic crisis faced by the people of Alsace. My Mother At Sixty-Six What are the feelings of the poet about her aged mother with reference to the poem ‘My Mother at Sixty Six’ ? Indigo (2023-2022) Q1. Describe the role of Raj Kumar Shukla in Indigo. Ans: Raj Kumar Shukla played a crucial role in the Champaran episode related to the indigo cultivation issue. He was a sharecropper from Champaran who approached Gandhi during the 1916 Indian National Congress party convention. Shukla, representing the grievances of indigo sharecroppers, persistently requested Gandhi to visit Champaran and address the injustice of the landlord system. Shukla's determination and continuous presence alongside Gandhi influenced him to eventually agree to visit Champaran. Shukla served as a catalyst in drawing Gandhi's attention to the plight of the peasants, leading to Gandhi's involvement in the Champaran struggle against the oppressive indigo plantation system. Q2. Champaran Episode as the Beginning of Indian Struggle for Independence. The Champaran episode is considered the beginning of the Indian struggle for independence because it marked Mahatma Gandhi's first organized act of civil disobedience against British rule in India. In 1917, Gandhi, in response to the plight of indigo sharecroppers, led a nonviolent protest against oppressive British landlords in Champaran, Bihar. This was a pivotal moment as it demonstrated Gandhi's method of nonviolent resistance and mass mobilization against unjust colonial policies. The success of the Champaran movement showcased the power of nonviolent civil disobedience, inspiring subsequent movements against British rule. It laid the foundation for Gandhi's philosophy of Satyagraha and provided a template for the larger independence struggle, setting a precedent for peaceful resistance against colonial oppression. Q3. Why did Gandhi agree to a settlement of twenty-five percent refund to the peasants? Gandhi agreed to a settlement of twenty-five percent refund to the peasants in the Champaran indigo issue as a pragmatic compromise. When the British planters offered to refund only 25 percent of the money extorted from the sharecroppers, Gandhi surprisingly accepted the offer. Despite the expectations that he would demand full repayment, Gandhi prioritized the symbolic victory over the monetary amount. By accepting the 25 percent refund, he aimed to break the deadlock and emphasize the landlords' obligation to surrender part of the money, thus diminishing their prestige. For Gandhi, the essence lay in establishing the principle that the landlords were accountable and that the peasants had rights and defenders. Q4. Civil Disobedience had triumphed for the first time in modern India. When and how did it happen? (120-150 words/ 5 Marks) The triumph of civil disobedience in modern India occurred during the Champaran episode. In 1917, when Gandhi was summoned to court for his refusal to leave Champaran and received a notice to quit the region, he disobeyed the order. Facing a potential legal battle, Gandhi declared his guilt and was prepared to face the consequences. However, a spontaneous demonstration by thousands of peasants in support of Gandhi outside the courthouse created a situation where the authorities felt powerless without his cooperation. The officials requested a delay in the trial, and eventually, the Lieutenant-Governor ordered the case to be dropped. This marked the first instance of civil disobedience succeeding against the British authorities in modern India, establishing a precedent for future nonviolent resistance. Q5. What does Gandhi refer to as ‘conflict of duties’? Ans: Gandhi refers to the 'conflict of duties' when he explains his refusal to obey the order to leave Champaran immediately. On one hand, he felt a duty not to set a bad example as a lawbreaker, and on the other hand, he was committed to rendering "humanitarian and national service" for the distressed peasants. Gandhi believed that his disobedience was not a disregard for lawful authority but an obedience to the higher law of conscience, emphasizing the moral and ethical dimensions of his actions. This 'conflict of duties' highlights Gandhi's philosophy of balancing legal obligations with a higher moral duty to serve humanity and fight against injustice. Q6. What would be the impact of synthetic indigo on the prices of natural indigo? Ans: The landlords in Champaran compelled sharecroppers to cultivate indigo as the chief commercial crop. However, when Germany developed synthetic indigo, the landlords obtained agreements from sharecroppers to release them from the 15 percent indigo cultivation arrangement. This suggests that the availability of synthetic indigo made the traditional cultivation less profitable or desirable. The shift to synthetic indigo would likely have led to a decline in demand for natural indigo, potentially affecting its prices negatively. The landlords sought compensation from sharecroppers for releasing them from the indigo arrangement, indicating a recognition of the changing economic dynamics due to the introduction of synthetic alternatives. 2022 Q7. What would be the impact of synthetic indigo on the prices of natural indigo? Ans: Refer to the above answer. Q8. What changes occurred in the lives of farmers after Gandhi's visit to Champaran? Ans: After Gandhi's visit to Champaran, several significant changes occurred in the lives of the farmers: 1. End of Indigo Sharecropping: The successful intervention by Gandhi and the subsequent inquiry led to a resolution of the issues faced by the indigo sharecroppers. The British planters agreed, in principle, to make refunds to the peasants, signaling the end of the oppressive indigo sharecropping system. 2. Empowerment and Liberation: The spontaneous demonstration by thousands of peasants in support of Gandhi marked the beginning of their liberation from fear of British authorities. This empowerment was a result of the nonviolent resistance led by Gandhi, showcasing the potential of civil disobedience in challenging colonial oppression. 3. Land Reversion to Peasants: Within a few years, the British planters abandoned their estates, and the land reverted to the peasants. This marked a significant shift in land ownership, giving the peasants control over the land they cultivated. 4. Cultural and Social Development: Gandhi recognized the cultural and social backwardness in Champaran villages. As part of his efforts to bring about immediate change, he appealed for teachers, and volunteers, including Gandhi's associates and their wives, started opening primary schools in six villages. This initiative aimed to address the educational needs of the community. 5. Health and Sanitation Improvement: Gandhi, during his stay, addressed health conditions by getting a doctor to volunteer services. Basic medical treatments were provided, and efforts were made to improve personal cleanliness and community sanitation. 6. Development of Self-Reliance: Gandhi's emphasis on self-reliance was evident when he opposed the idea of relying on an Englishman, Charles Freer Andrews, during the struggle. This instilled a sense of self-reliance among the local leaders, as highlighted by Rajendra Prasad's comments. In summary, Gandhi's visit to Champaran brought about a positive transformation in the lives of the farmers, leading to the end of oppressive practices, empowerment, and improvements in education, health, and self-reliance. Q9. How did Civil disobedience triumph for the first time in India? Ans: The triumph of civil disobedience for the first time in modern India is illustrated in the Champaran episode, as depicted in the story . Here's a detailed explanation: 1. Gandhi's Disobedience and Summons to Court: Gandhi, in response to the grievances of indigo sharecroppers in Champaran, refused to obey the order to leave the region, asserting his commitment to addressing the issues faced by the peasants. This act of civil disobedience by Gandhi, openly defying British authorities, led to his summons to appear in court for his refusal to comply with the order. 2. Spontaneous Peasant Demonstration: The news of Gandhi's summons spread quickly among the local peasants in Champaran. In a remarkable show of support and solidarity, thousands of peasants gathered outside the courthouse in a spontaneous demonstration, expressing their backing for Gandhi. 3. Authorities Powerless without Gandhi's Cooperation: Faced with the massive and united demonstration of the local population, the British authorities found themselves powerless to proceed without Gandhi's cooperation. The officials, feeling the strength of the united peasant front, requested a delay in the trial, indicating their recognition of the potential unrest and challenges they would face without Gandhi's cooperation. 4. Case Dropped and Triumph of Civil Disobedience: The Lieutenant-Governor, influenced by the situation and the support for Gandhi, ordered the case against him to be dropped. This marked the triumph of civil disobedience for the first time in modern India. Gandhi's refusal to obey the order and the subsequent overwhelming support from the local population forced the British authorities to concede, signaling the effectiveness of nonviolent resistance against colonial oppression. 5. Impact and Symbolism: The Champaran episode became a symbol of the power of civil disobedience and nonviolent resistance against British rule. It inspired confidence among Indians that peaceful mass mobilization could challenge and triumph over the seemingly unquestionable authority of the British colonial rulers. Conclusion: In essence, the Champaran episode represents the first successful instance of civil disobedience in modern India, as Gandhi's principled stand and the united support of the peasants compelled the British authorities to back down and drop the case against him. This event laid the groundwork for Gandhi's philosophy of Satyagraha and became a beacon for future movements in the Indian struggle for independence. Q10. Gandhiji worked for the social backwardness in Chamaparan villages. Elaborate with instances from the text. Ans: Gandhi's work in Champaran extended beyond addressing the economic grievances of the indigo sharecroppers. He also focused on alleviating the social and cultural backwardness in the villages. Several instances from the text highlight Gandhi's efforts in this regard: 1. Education Initiatives: Gandhi appealed for teachers to address the educational needs of the community in Champaran. Volunteers, including Gandhi's associates and their wives, responded to the call, and primary schools were opened in six villages. This initiative aimed to uplift the educational standards of the local population, contributing to the overall social development. 2. Focus on Personal Cleanliness and Community Sanitation: Kasturbai, Gandhi's wife, took on the role of teaching the ashram rules on personal cleanliness and community sanitation. This effort was a practical step toward improving hygiene practices and living conditions in the villages, addressing a crucial aspect of social well-being. 3. Health Improvement Measures: Gandhi noticed the poor health conditions in Champaran and took action to address them. A doctor volunteered his services for six months, offering medical assistance to the villagers. Basic medicines, including castor oil, quinine, and sulphur ointment, were provided to address common health issues, reflecting Gandhi's concern for the well-being of the community. 4. Empowerment of Women: Gandhi, recognizing the conditions of women in Champaran, addressed the issue of dirty clothes. He instructed Kasturbai to talk to women about improving cleanliness and hygiene. This intervention aimed at empowering women and enhancing their living conditions, contributing to the broader social upliftment. 5. Societal Transformation Through Education: Gandhi's emphasis on education went beyond academic learning; it included imparting values and principles for personal and community development. By establishing schools and promoting education, Gandhi sought to bring about a broader societal transformation, empowering individuals with knowledge and fostering a sense of responsibility and community. 6. Awareness of Latrine Maintenance: Gandhi, even from a distance, monitored the ashram and its activities in Champaran. He emphasized the importance of maintaining hygiene by instructing the filling of old latrine trenches and digging new ones. Conclusion: This directive reflected Gandhi's holistic approach to social development, considering even basic sanitary facilities as essential for community well-being. In summary, Gandhi's work in Champaran went beyond the economic aspects, encompassing initiatives to address social backwardness. Through education, health interventions, cleanliness campaigns, and empowerment efforts, he aimed to uplift the overall well-being of the Champaran villages, reflecting his commitment to holistic and sustainable social development. 2022 Q11. Gandhi effectively managed to redress the problems of the indigo sharecroppers with the Lieutenant Governor. What did he achieve? Ans: Gandhi, through persistent efforts, convinced the Lieutenant Governor to appoint an official commission of inquiry into the grievances of indigo sharecroppers in Champaran. This led to a resolution where landlords agreed, in principle, to refund 50% of the unjustly extorted money, marking a significant victory for the peasants. Q12.  Gandhi not only alleviated the economic conditions of the Champaran people but also their social and cultural background. Justify. Ans: Educational Reforms: Gandhi's commitment to social transformation in Champaran extended to addressing educational gaps. He appealed for teachers, leading to the establishment of primary schools, aiming to uplift the community's educational standards. Health and Hygiene Initiatives: Recognizing the poor health conditions, Gandhi took steps to improve healthcare. A volunteered doctor provided medical assistance, and basic medicines were distributed. Efforts to enhance personal cleanliness and community sanitation were also emphasized. Empowering Women: Gandhi's concern for women's conditions in Champaran manifested in instructions to address clothing issues. This initiative aimed at empowering women and improving their living conditions, contributing to broader societal upliftment. Self-Reliance and Holistic Transformation: Gandhi's emphasis on self-reliance went beyond economic aspects, fostering a holistic societal transformation. His vision integrated education, health, and empowerment initiatives, aiming to break social and cultural backwardness and create an inclusive and empowered community. Conclusion : The Champaran episode exemplifies Gandhi's multifaceted approach, not only addressing economic injustices but also laying the foundation for comprehensive social development. His initiatives formed an integral part of India's journey towards independence. 2020 Q. What was the contract between the sharecroppers of Champaran and their British landlords? Ans: 1. Mandatory Indigo Cultivation: The landlords required all tenants, who were sharecroppers, to plant a specific portion of their holdings with indigo. This was typically set at three twentieths or 15 percent of their total land. 2. Surrender of Entire Indigo Harvest: According to the contract, the sharecroppers were obligated to surrender the entire indigo harvest from the specified portion of their land to the landlords as rent. This was done under a long-term contractual arrangement. Lost Spring 2023 What vicious circle are the bangle-makers trapped in? The description of Seemapuri creates a very dismal picture. Explain Firozabad presents a strange paradox the beauty of the glass bangles and the misery of the people who make bangles. Discuss. (120-150 words/ 5 Marks) ‘Last Spring’ and ‘Indigo’ bring out how the common man is a victim of exploitation. Explain. Why can the bangle-makers not organise themselves into a cooperative ? Q1. What vicious circle are the bangle-makers trapped in? The bangle-makers in Firozabad are trapped in a vicious circle involving middlemen, police, bureaucrats, and politicians. These middlemen exploit the poverty and helplessness of the bangle-making families, keeping them in a perpetual state of poverty. The lack of organization and leadership among the bangle-makers prevents them from breaking free from this cycle. The middlemen, along with other authorities, create a system that perpetuates their exploitation, making it difficult for the bangle-makers to improve their lives or escape from the clutches of poverty. Q2. The description of Seemapuri creates a very dismal picture. Explain Ans: Seemapuri is described as a place on the periphery of Delhi, inhabited by squatters who came from Bangladesh in 1971. The living conditions in Seemapuri are dismal, with structures made of mud, roofs of tin and tarpaulin, and a lack of basic amenities such as sewage, drainage, or running water. The 10,000 ragpickers who live in Seemapuri have no official identity or permits, but they manage to survive through ration cards that allow them to buy grain. The place is characterized by poverty, lack of infrastructure, and a struggle for survival, highlighting the harsh realities faced by those who have migrated and settled in such areas. Q3. Firozabad presents a strange paradox the beauty of the glass bangles and the misery of the people who make bangles. Discuss. (120-150 words/ 5 Marks) Firozabad encapsulates a poignant paradox where the aesthetic allure of glass bangles sharply contrasts with the pervasive misery of the individuals responsible for crafting these intricate ornaments. The town, renowned for its glass-blowing industry, produces bangles that epitomize vibrant hues and cultural significance, symbolizing auspiciousness in marriages. The craftsmanship involved in creating these adornments adds to their beauty, making them sought after across the country. However, this picturesque image unravels when one delves into the lives of the bangle-makers. These artisans, toiling in dingy cells without adequate light or ventilation, endure harsh conditions while creating these symbols of beauty. The narrative unveils the grim reality of child labor, where approximately 20,000 children work in the glass furnaces, exposed to high temperatures and risking the brightness of their eyes. The families involved in bangle-making, despite being an integral part of a renowned industry, live in squalor. Poverty, lack of education, and absence of basic amenities define their daily existence. The paradox lies in the stark dichotomy between the allure of the final product and the grim circumstances of those crafting it. Firozabad becomes a microcosm of the societal disparities, where the beauty of tradition is overshadowed by the exploitation and destitution of the very artisans preserving it. Q4. Why can the bangle-makers not organize themselves into a cooperative ? The bangle-makers cannot organize themselves into a cooperative due to the fear of legal repercussions. The young men in Firozabad express concern that even if they were to organize, they would be targeted by the police, beaten, and possibly sent to jail for engaging in what is considered illegal activities. This fear reflects the power dynamics and exploitation present in their working environment. The absence of a leader among them and the belief that even organized efforts would be met with legal consequences contribute to their reluctance to form a cooperative and break free from the exploitative system imposed by middlemen and authorities. Q5. ‘Lost Spring’ and ‘Indigo’ bring out how the common man is a victim of exploitation. Explain. Ans: Both "Lost Spring" and "Indigo" highlight the exploitation and victimization of the common man, especially in the context of socio-economic and cultural issues. 1. Economic Exploitation in 'Indigo' In "Indigo," the exploitation is evident in the relationship between the English landlords and Indian sharecroppers in Champaran. The landlords, owning large estates, forced the peasants to plant a significant portion of their land with indigo and surrender the entire harvest as rent. The landlords took advantage of the peasants' lack of awareness and literacy to secure agreements, later compensating them for the release of the indigo arrangement when synthetic indigo was introduced. The peasants were coerced and oppressed, facing the dilemma of signing agreements that they didn't fully understand. The landlords, backed by legal and physical force, perpetuated the economic exploitation. 2. Social and Cultural Exploitation in 'Lost Spring': In "Lost Spring," the focus is on the socio-economic conditions of ragpickers living in Seemapuri, a settlement of squatters on the outskirts of Delhi. The residents, originally from Bangladesh, lack official identities and live in abject poverty. They scavenge through garbage dumps for a living, highlighting their economic exploitation and marginalization. The story also touches upon the cultural exploitation as the ragpickers, despite living in the same city, remain invisible and excluded. They lack access to basic amenities like education, perpetuating a cycle of poverty. 3. Child Labor and Lack of Opportunities in 'Lost Spring': "Lost Spring" introduces characters like Saheb and Mukesh, who symbolize the exploitation of child labor. Saheb scrounges for gold in garbage dumps, and Mukesh works in a glass-blowing industry in Firozabad. Mukesh's dream of becoming a motor mechanic is overshadowed by the harsh reality of poverty, lack of education, and limited opportunities. The children are forced into labor due to economic conditions and social structures that deny them a chance for personal development. 4. Resistance and Change in 'Indigo': In "Indigo," resistance comes in the form of Mahatma Gandhi, who challenges the unjust system. His involvement in the Champaran episode illustrates how civil disobedience can be a powerful tool against economic exploitation. Gandhi's efforts lead to an official inquiry, exposing the exploitation by landlords, and ultimately a settlement that brings relief to the sharecroppers. This marks a significant shift in power dynamics and the beginning of liberation for the peasants. In summary, both stories shed light on the multifaceted exploitation faced by the common man, encompassing economic, social, and cultural dimensions. They emphasize the need for resistance, awareness, and collective efforts to bring about positive change and alleviate the plight of the marginalized. 2020 Q. Life of the bangle makers of Firozabad shows the grinding state of poverty and traditions that condemn thousands of people to live a life of misery. Elaborate Introduction: The depiction of life in Firozabad in "Lost Spring" unveils a stark reality – the relentless grip of grinding poverty on families engaged in the traditional occupation of bangle-making. This narrative sheds light on the hazardous working conditions, lack of education, and limited opportunities that generations of bangle makers face. Cycle of Poverty: The families, deeply entrenched in glass-blowing and bangle-making, find themselves trapped in a perpetual cycle of poverty. Despite their artistic contributions to culturally significant items, such as bangles, economic exploitation and societal norms prevent them from breaking free. Hazardous Working Conditions: The story highlights the dismal working conditions in which children, often losing their eyesight before adulthood, are forced to contribute to the family's meager income. The lack of awareness about legal protections perpetuates their exploitation. Societal Norms and Economic Exploitation: The tradition of making bangles, passed down through generations, becomes both a source of identity and a shackle. The families remain ensnared in poverty, unable to break free due to societal norms and economic exploitation by middlemen and sahukars. Call for Reforms: The narrative highlights the urgent need for social reforms, education, and economic empowerment to break the cycle of poverty that persists in traditional occupations like bangle-making. The lives of these bangle makers illuminate the broader issues of poverty and exploitation plaguing the common man. Deep Water What were Douglas' initial thoughts when he was pushed into the pool? Why did Douglas decide to go to the YMCA pool to learn swimming ? What handicap did Doughlas suffer from? How did he overcome that? 2020 How did William Douglas’s fear of water start ? The Rattrap Q1. Why was the peddler hesitant to accompany the ironmaster to the manor house? The peddler was hesitant to accompany the ironmaster to the manor house because he had initially deceived the ironmaster by pretending to be an old acquaintance named Captain von Stahle. The ironmaster mistook him for someone else, and the peddler was afraid that his true identity as a poor trader would be revealed. Additionally, he had stolen money from the old man's leather pouch in the cottage, and he feared facing consequences if he went to the manor house with the ironmaster. Q2. Edla is a contrast to her father, the ironmaster. Explain. (120-150 words/ 5 Marks) Edla, the daughter of the ironmaster, serves as a stark contrast to her father in terms of compassion, empathy, and social outlook. The ironmaster, driven by societal norms and skepticism, initially views the peddler with suspicion, assuming he is an old acquaintance. In contrast, Edla approaches the situation with a more humane perspective, recognizing the peddler's need for shelter and warmth. While the ironmaster represents a more rigid and class-conscious attitude, Edla exhibits a kind and open-hearted nature. Her actions, such as interceding for the peddler and insisting on his stay for Christmas Eve, reveal a willingness to see beyond societal stereotypes and extend help to those in need. Edla's compassionate demeanor challenges her father's initial judgment, emphasizing a stark generational and ideological difference between them. This contrast highlights the theme of kindness and humanity prevailing over social status and skepticism in the narrative. Q3. What made the ironmaster invite the peddler to his house ? The ironmaster invited the peddler to his house initially because he mistook him for an old regimental comrade named Captain von Stahle. Believing the peddler to be an acquaintance, the ironmaster thought it was only right to offer him shelter and hospitality, especially on Christmas Eve. However, once the ironmaster discovered the deception and the peddler's true identity, he was less pleased and wanted him to leave. Q4. Who was Edla Williamson ? Why did she visit the forge at night ? Edla Willmansson is the daughter of the ironmaster in the story. She represents a compassionate and empathetic character in contrast to her father's initial skepticism. Edla visited the forge at night to offer help and shelter to the peddler, a man she believed to be in need. This act of kindness stemmed from her understanding of the peddler's difficult life, as well as her desire to bring warmth and Christmas cheer to someone who seemed destitute. Q5. Why did the iron master compare Edla to a parson ? The ironmaster compared Edla to a parson because of her compassionate and charitable nature. He used the phrase when he said, "You do preach worse than a parson," in response to Edla's plea to let the peddler stay for Christmas Eve. The ironmaster acknowledged her inclination towards kindness and generosity, even though he may not have fully shared her sentiments initially. Q6. What made the peddler think that he had fallen into the trap? The peddler thought that he had fallen into the trap when he found himself lost in the confusing forest after stealing money from the old man's leather pouch. He had earlier compared the world to a rattrap, where people are enticed by baits, and once ensnared, everything comes to an end. Now, he realized that he had become a victim of his own analogy. The forest represented the trap closing in on him, and he felt trapped in an impenetrable prison from which he thought he could never escape. This situation made him reflect on his own thoughts about the world and its traps. 2022 Q. The iron master accuses the peddler of not being quite honest. What does the peddler say to justify the situation? The peddler, in response to the ironmaster's accusation of dishonesty, emphasizes several points to justify his actions. Firstly, he asserts that he had not pretended to be anything other than a poor trader. Furthermore, the peddler emphasizes that he had pleaded and begged to be allowed to stay in the forge. The act of pleading and begging suggests a vulnerability and a sincere desire for temporary shelter rather than a malicious intent. Lastly, the peddler presents the option of putting on his rags again and leaving. Going Places 1. Why did Sophie wish to delve more deeply in her brother's affections? Ans: Sophie wished to delve more deeply into her brother's affections because she felt a sense of curiosity and longing for the world outside her immediate surroundings. Geoff, being older and working as an apprentice mechanic, represented a connection to a broader world that Sophie desired to explore. She sensed that Geoff had experiences and knowledge beyond her reach, and she wanted to be a part of that, breaking free from the limitations of her current life. 2. Fantasizing and unrealistic dreams sometimes lead to disappointment and disillusionment. Discuss this with reference to the story Going Places. (120-150 Words/ 5 Marks) Answers: In the story "Going Places," Sophie's fantasizing and unrealistic dreams serve as a central theme that leads to disappointment and disillusionment. Sophie dreams of having a boutique and compares herself to successful figures like Mary Quant. However, her family's financial constraints and the practicalities of life make achieving these dreams challenging. Her aspirations clash with the reality of her future earmarked for the biscuit factory. Similarly, Sophie's encounter with Danny Casey, a famous footballer, becomes a source of fantasy and excitement. However, when she waits for him by the canal, he doesn't show up, shattering her dreams. This highlights the contrast between her idealized vision and the harsh realities of life. The story underscores the notion that indulging in fantasies and unrealistic dreams can set one up for inevitable disappointment and disillusionment when confronted with the limitations and practicalities of the real world. Aunt Jennifer's Tigers 2023 Q1. Why do Aunt Jennifer's tigers not fear the men beneath the tree? Ans: Aunt Jennifer's tigers do not fear the men beneath the tree because they exist in a symbolic world created by Aunt Jennifer herself. The tigers represent her inner strength, desires, and aspirations. In this imaginary world, the tigers are confident and unafraid, reflecting Aunt Jennifer's longing for a life that is free from fear and oppression. Q2. Why did Aunt Jennifer create tigers so different from her own character? Ans: Aunt Jennifer created tigers that are different from her own character as a form of artistic expression and an escape from her reality. The tigers symbolize the strength, freedom, and power that she may have felt lacking in her own life. Through her art, Aunt Jennifer can manifest a world where she is not constrained by the societal expectations and the weight of her marriage. 2022 Q3. What does Aunt Jennifer symbolize in the poem 'Aunt Jennifer's Tigers'? Ans: Aunt Jennifer symbolizes a woman trapped in a stifling marriage and societal expectations. The poem suggests that she is subdued and burdened by the weight of her responsibilities, as indicated by the description of the massive weight of Uncle's wedding band on her hand. The poem portrays Aunt Jennifer as someone who seeks an outlet for her suppressed desires and finds solace in creating an artistic world through her needlework, where she can express her innermost thoughts and aspirations. The tigers in the poem symbolize the strength and freedom that Aunt Jennifer yearns for but cannot fully attain in her real life. Q4. Explain the irony at the end of the poem, "Aunt Jennifer's Tigers'. The irony lies in the fact that while Aunt Jennifer's artistic creation, the tigers, exude confidence and fearlessness, Aunt Jennifer's own life is marked by fear and subjugation. The tigers symbolize the strength and freedom she wishes for but cannot fully attain in her reality. The contrast between the fearless tigers in the artistic panel and Aunt Jennifer's fearful, burdened existence creates a poignant irony, highlighting the disparity between her imaginative world and the harsh realities of her life. Despite her artistic expression, Aunt Jennifer seems unable to break free from the constraints that define her existence. Q5. Explain the significance of the 'denizens pacing in sleek certainty' in the poem 'Aunt Jennifer's Tigers'. Ans: In "Aunt Jennifer's Tigers," the phrase "denizens pacing in sleek certainty" symbolizes Aunt Jennifer's artistic creation, representing her suppressed desires for strength and freedom. This imagery contrasts with her oppressed reality, emphasizing the power of art as an outlet for expressing unfulfilled aspirations and breaking free from societal constraints. Keeping Quiet Q1. What according to Pablo Neruda in the poem ‘Keeping Quiet’ is the lesson that we should learn from mother earth? The Roadside Stand Q1. Who does the poet accuse of having double standards in The Roadside Stand? Q2. What does the expression ‘polished traffic’ refer to? What does it reveal about city people? Q3. A Roadside Stand is a social satire depicting the two contrasting worlds existing in society. Justify this statement with reference to the poem. ( 120-150 Words/ 5 Marks) Poets & Pancakes In the chapter ' Poets and Pancakes', the author has used gentle humour to point out human foibles. Pick out instances of this to show how it served to make the extract engaging. A Thing of Beauty In the poem ' A Thing of Beauty' how is grandeur connected with the mighty dead? Explain 'On every morrow are we wreathing.'. 2022 In What way do the things of beauty leave a lasting impression on us? My Mother At Sixty Six Q1. What is the significance of the word ‘but’ in ‘but all I said was see you soon, Amma ? VISTAS Journey to the End of the Earth Q1. What were the author's initial emotions on setting foot in Antarctica? The author's initial emotions on setting foot in Antarctica were relief, followed by immediate and profound wonder. The relief likely stemmed from the culmination of a long and arduous journey involving various modes of transportation. The wonder was directed at the immensity and isolation of Antarctica, particularly reflecting on the historical connection when India and Antarctica were part of the same landmass. Q2. What are the significant features of the ‘Students on Ice Programme’? The significant features of the 'Students on Ice Programme' include its aim to provide high school students with inspiring educational opportunities at the ends of the world, particularly in Antarctica. The program, led by Geoff Green, focuses on fostering a new understanding and respect for the planet among the future generation of policy-makers. It offers life-changing experiences for students, allowing them to absorb, learn, and take action regarding environmental issues. Q3. Why did Geoff Green include young students in his programme? Geoff Green included young students in the 'Students on Ice Programme' because he wanted to offer the future generation of policy-makers a life-changing experience at an age when they are ready to absorb, learn, and act. The program aims to instill a deeper understanding and respect for the planet in young minds, emphasizing the importance of environmental conservation and sustainability. Q4. How can a visit to Antarctica be an enlightening experience? Elaborate. A visit to Antarctica can be an enlightening experience due to several factors. The continent's pristine environment, devoid of human population, allows for a direct observation of natural processes and ecosystems. Antarctica's simple ecosystem and lack of biodiversity make it an ideal place to study how small changes in the environment can have significant repercussions. Additionally, the continent holds ancient ice cores with half-million-year-old carbon records, providing insights into the Earth's past, present, and future. The immersive experience in Antarctica forces individuals to place themselves in the context of the Earth's geological history, fostering a deep appreciation for the planet's fragility and the impact of human activities. Q5. How has human civilization impacted our environment? Comment with reference to the lesson 'Journey to the End of the Earth'. Human civilization has impacted the environment significantly, as highlighted in the lesson 'Journey to the End of the Earth.' The author mentions that human civilizations have been around for a relatively short period of 12,000 years, yet in this brief time, humans have created a considerable impact. The rapid increase in human populations has led to competition with other species for limited resources, while the unmitigated burning of fossil fuels has contributed to a rise in carbon dioxide levels, affecting the global climate. The lesson emphasizes climate change as one of the most contested environmental debates, and Antarctica plays a crucial role in this discussion. The continent's pristine nature and ice cores containing ancient carbon records make it a vital location for studying the Earth's past, present, and future. The author suggests that witnessing the visible effects of climate change, such as glaciers retreating and ice shelves collapsing, makes the threat of global warming more tangible. Overall, the lesson highlights the importance of understanding and addressing the environmental impact of human activities, especially in the context of climate change and its potential consequences. 2020 How was Gondwana different from today’s world ? Describe it. Ans: Gondwana was a giant amalgamated southern supercontinent that existed approximately 600 to 500 million years ago. It was centered roughly around the present-day Antarctica and included landmasses that are now part of South America, Africa, Antarctica, Australia, the Indian subcontinent, and the Arabian Peninsula. Gondwana was significantly different from today's world in several aspects: 1. Geographical Configuration: Gondwana represented a massive landmass that was a combination of several continents. The continents we recognize today were part of this singular supercontinent, and their current positions and shapes were vastly different from what we see today. 2. Climate: The climate of Gondwana during its existence was much warmer than the present. It hosted a diverse range of flora and fauna due to the milder temperatures. The climate supported a wide variety of ecosystems across the supercontinent. 3. Biodiversity: Gondwana thrived for approximately 500 million years, and during this time, it harbored a rich diversity of plant and animal species. However, these species were different from the ones we find today, as evolution and extinction events have shaped the Earth's biodiversity over millions of years. 4. Human Presence: Human beings had not yet appeared on the global scene during the time of Gondwana. The emergence of complex life forms, including humans, occurred much later in the Earth's history. 5. Landmass Arrangement: Over time, as the dinosaurs went extinct and the age of mammals began, Gondwana started to break apart. The landmasses drifted and separated, forming the continents as we know them today. This process shaped the modern geographical arrangement of continents and ocean basins. 6. Continental Drift: The breakup of Gondwana played a crucial role in the phenomenon of continental drift. The separation of landmasses and their movement over geological time scales has influenced the Earth's topography and climate patterns. In summary, Gondwana was a vastly different world from today, characterized by a warmer climate, different species, and a singular supercontinent that eventually gave rise to the continents we recognize in the present day. The study of Gondwana provides insights into the dynamic geological and climatic changes that have shaped the Earth over millions of years. The Third Level Q1. Describe briefly the Third Level. How did it differ from the Second Level? The Third Level is a mysterious and seemingly time-traveling location within Grand Central Station. Charley discovers it accidentally when he gets lost trying to take the subway home. The Third Level is distinct from the Second Level in that it appears to be a portal to the past, specifically the year 1894. The atmosphere on the Third Level reflects the late 19th century, with people dressed in clothing from that era, gaslights illuminating the space, and outdated technology. It is a place where one can apparently purchase train tickets to various destinations in the United States but for the year 1894. Q2. What role does Sam’s letter play in the story? Sam's letter serves as crucial evidence for Charley and Louisa that the Third Level is real. It confirms that Sam, who disappeared mysteriously, has found the Third Level and is living in Galesburg, Illinois, in 1894. The letter is a message of invitation for Charley and Louisa to join him on the Third Level, emphasizing the idyllic and peaceful life of that time. Sam's letter becomes a catalyst for Charley and Louisa to believe in the existence of the Third Level and motivates them to keep searching for it. Q3. What do you learn about Galesburg, Illinois, during 1894 from the lesson 'The Third Level'? From the story, we learn that Galesburg, Illinois, in 1894 is depicted as a charming and peaceful town. The description includes big old frame houses, huge lawns, and tall trees with branches meeting overhead. The evenings are described as being twice as long, with people sitting on their lawns, men smoking cigars and talking quietly, and women waving palm-leaf fans. The setting portrays a serene and idyllic atmosphere, emphasizing the nostalgia and appeal of the past. Q4. Why did Charley buy old-style currency? Charley bought old-style currency because he wanted to use it to purchase tickets on the Third Level at Grand Central Station. When he initially tried to buy tickets with modern currency, the clerk rejected it, considering it counterfeit. To avoid suspicion and ensure a successful transaction, Charley exchanged his modern money for old-style bills, matching the currency used in the year 1894 on the Third Level. Q5. Do you think that the third level was a medium of escape? Why/Why not? Yes, the Third Level can be interpreted as a medium of escape. Charley and others who find this mysterious level have the opportunity to travel back in time to a seemingly simpler and more peaceful era, away from the complexities and troubles of the modern world. The appeal of Galesburg, Illinois, in 1894, with its nostalgic charm, represents a desire for an escape from the anxieties of the present. The Third Level becomes a literal and metaphorical escape route for those seeking refuge from the challenges of their contemporary lives. 2020 Q. The modern world is full of insecurity, fear, war, worry and stress. What are the ways in which we attempt to overcome them? (120-150 Words/ 5 Marks) 1. Psychological Escapism: Individuals often resort to psychological escapism as a means of overcoming the challenges posed by the modern world. This involves seeking refuge in alternate realities or daydreams to temporarily detach from the harsh realities of life. 2. Hobbies and Collections: Engaging in hobbies or building collections, as seen in the protagonist's stamp collecting, serves as a temporary refuge from the stresses of the contemporary world. These activities provide a sense of purpose and diversion from daily anxieties. 3. Seeking Unconventional Solutions: In the case of Charley from "The Third Level," the discovery of the mysterious Third Level at Grand Central Station becomes an unconventional solution. It symbolizes a physical and temporal escape, offering a retreat to a seemingly simpler era. 4. Nostalgia and Idealization: An inclination towards nostalgia and idealization of the past is a common strategy. The desire to revisit a perceived better time, as showcased in the story's portrayal of 1894, reflects an attempt to escape the challenges of the contemporary world. 5. Materialistic Distractions: Some individuals turn to materialistic distractions, such as acquiring old-style currency, to recreate a semblance of the past. This may involve collecting vintage items or engaging in activities that evoke a sense of historical comfort. In summary, people employ diverse strategies ranging from psychological escapism to tangible actions like exploring mysterious avenues, all in an effort to overcome the insecurities, fears, wars, and stress prevalent in the modern world. The Tiger King Q1. What was Maharaja's mission? How did he resolve to overcome the obstacles in the fulfilment of his mission? The Maharaja's mission was to kill a hundred tigers. He resolved to overcome obstacles in the fulfillment of his mission by issuing a proclamation that banned tiger hunting by anyone except himself. The State astrologer's prediction also played a crucial role in shaping his determination. He faced dangers during the hunts, but his indomitable courage and determination allowed him to successfully kill seventy tigers. Q2. What was the hidden agenda behind the Tiger King’s marriage with the princess in the neighbouring state ? The hidden agenda behind the Tiger King's marriage with the princess in the neighbouring state was to find a bride from a royal family with a large tiger population. This strategic decision was made to ensure that he could continue his tiger hunts, as killing tigers had become a significant aspect of his identity and rule. Q3. What did the astrologers depict about the child when he was born? The astrologers foretold that the newborn prince would mature into a heroic figure, renowned for his bravery and warrior prowess. Additionally, He noted that the infant was born during the hour of the bull, and as the bull and the tiger were considered adversaries, the astrologers predicted that his demise would be attributed to a tiger. Q4. How did the ‘duraisani’ behave on receiving the gifts? Upon receiving expensive diamond rings from the Maharaja, the duraisani (wife of the British officer) did not send back the rings as expected. Instead, she thanked the Maharaja for the gifts. Subsequently, a bill for three lakh rupees arrived from the British jewellers, and the Maharaja considered it a small price to pay to retain his kingdom. Q5. Which problem did the Maharaja face after killing seventy tigers when he had vowed to kill 100 tigers? After killing seventy tigers, the Maharaja faced a problem when the tiger population became extinct in the forests of Pratibandapuram. Despite his determination to kill a hundred tigers, the scarcity of tigers in his own state became a hurdle, and he struggled to find the remaining thirty tigers. Q6. Did the Tiger King manage to kill the hundredth Tiger / why /why not ? No, the Tiger King did not manage to kill the hundredth tiger. In a twist of events, the last tiger he believed he had killed turned out to be alive. The tiger had fainted from the shock of a missed bullet, and the Maharaja remained unaware of this. The tiger was later killed by one of the hunters to maintain the Maharaja's belief that he had successfully completed his mission. In a tragic turn of events, the Maharaja contracted a fatal infection from a wooden splinter while playing with a toy tiger, and the surgeons declared him dead after a failed operation. This marked the hundredth tiger's final revenge upon the Tiger King. 2020 How did the Tiger King meet his end ? What is ironical about his death? Ans: The Tiger King, Maharaja Jilani Jung Jung Bahadur, met his end due to an unexpected turn of events following his mission to kill a hundred tigers. After successfully hunting numerous tigers, he faced a shortage as the tiger population in Pratibandapuram's forests became extinct. The irony lies in the fact that the Maharaja, known for his prowess in tiger hunting, did not meet his end during a tiger hunt. Instead, his death resulted from a seemingly trivial incident. While playing with a wooden tiger toy meant for his son, he suffered an infection from a splinter that led to a fatal suppurating sore. This ironic twist contrasts with his grand ambitions and fearless encounters with real tigers. Despite efforts by renowned surgeons to treat the infection, the Maharaja's condition worsened. The irony deepened when the surgeons, who intended to save him through an operation, emerged from the theatre declaring the operation successful while simultaneously announcing the Maharaja's demise. This unforeseen consequence marked the hundredth tiger's final revenge, fulfilling the astrologers' prediction in an unexpected and ironic manner. On The Face of It Q1. Mr. Lamb stands as a symbol of optimism and hope. Support your answer with examples from the text. Q2. What gave Derry the courage to go back to Mr. Lamb’s house despite his mother’s refusal? Q3. Why did Derry enter Mr. Lamb's garden? Q4. Derek wants to go back to Mr. Lamb's House against his mother's will. What does this tell you about Mr. Lamb? 2022 Q1. Who is Mr. Lamb? How does Derry get into his garden? Q2. How did Mr. Lamb's conversation and company change Derry's desire to isolate himself from the The Enemy Q. What impressions do you form of Dr. Sadao's father from the story 'the Enemy'? Q. Why was Dr. Sadao not sent abroad with the troops? Q. Dr. Sadao emerges as a Saviour of humanity. Substantiate your answer with evidence from the text. (120-150 words/5 Marks ) Q. Dr. Sadao is torn between his duty as a doctor and his responsibility as a patriotic citizen. Elaborate. We Too Are Humans What does Zitkala-Sa mean by eating by formula? Bama and Zitkala-Sa, though victims of a system that crushes their aspirations, are determined to break out. Comment. (120 150 words/ 5 Marks) To be Continued. Keep visiting the site.

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