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For 2025 Board Exam
CBSE Competency Based Questions:
Class 10
Class 12

What's a Phrase and a Sentence?

Updated: Nov 28, 2020

Please Click Here to watch the Concept Video of this lesson.


Let's Learn the difference between a Phrase and a Sentence.


  • A phrase is a group of two words or more.

  • A phrase cannot express any meaning of its own.

  • It depends on the sentence to express meaning.

Let us learn some examples of phrases.

at home, once upon a time, the postman, after school, in the kitchen, saw a film, go away, in the garden etc.

Phrases are of different types.

  • Noun phrase.

  • Adjective phrase

  • Adverb phrase

  • Verb phrase…

  • Prepositional Phrase.


What is a sentence?

  • A sentence consists of a subject and predicate.

  • A subject can be a Noun or a Pronoun. A predicate contains a verb, object, complement etc.

  • A sentence expresses a meaning of its own.

For example,

a) I am having my breakfast.

b) I go to school in the morning.

c) My friend came to my house yesterday.

All these sentences express a meaning.

We can understand what each of the above sentences has to say.


Revision/ Recapitulation


  • A phrase is only a group of two or more words.

  • A phrase is a part of a sentence and cannot express any meaning of its own.

  • A sentence is complete by itself.

  • It expresses a meaning of its own.

  • A sentence consists of a subject and a predicate.

  • A subject can be a Noun or a Pronoun

  • A Predicate contains a verb, object, complement etc.


For Example,

Marie went to the market with her father.

In the above sentence went to the market is the example of a phrase.

A phrase depends on a sentence and therefore, cannot express any meaning of its own.


On the other hand, ‘Marie went to the market with her father’ is a sentence, which expresses a complete meaning.


Exercise:

Identify Main clause and Subordinate Clause from the following sentences. One example is given to you.


e.g. I shall play outside if you are ready.

Main clause: I shall play outside.

Subordinate Clause: if you are ready.


  1. I Know the place where he lives.

  2. He has told me everything what he knows.

  3. I know the boy who came here yesterday.,

  4. He said that he would accompany me.

  5. I know him who came to you yesterday.

  6. If it rains, I shall not go out.

  7. This is the pen which you gave me.

  8. Tell me the time when you will come.

  9. I could not go to because I was sick.

  10. I saw the baby who was lying on the floor.


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