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For 2024 Board Exam
CBSE Competency Based Questions:
Class 10
Class 12

Do You Know Nouns are of Four Types?

Do you know what a noun is?

  • A noun is a naming word.

  • Nouns are those words which name a person, a thing or a place. For example,

  • Sneha is a good girl (Here ‘Sneha’ is the name of a person)

  • The child plays with a toy (Here ‘toy’ is the name of a thing/object)

  • Kolkata is a city of joy (Here Kolkata is the name of a place.)

Extra Bites About Nouns

  • A noun can be a subject or an object of a sentence.

Ex: John plays chess. Here the noun ‘John’ is used as the subject of the sentence.

Ex: The teacher punished John in the class. In this sentence the noun ‘John’ is used as the object in the sentence.

  • So a noun can be used as a subject as well as an object in a sentence.

  • A noun can be countable and uncountable. For example, we can count boy, girl, chair , table whereas we cannot count water, wheat, sugar, love, honesty etc.

  • Nouns are of four types.

Common Noun: chairs, books, pens, boys, girls, teachers, rivers etc.

Proper Noun: Mumbai, Nagpur, John, Yamuna, etc

Collective Noun: bouquet of flowers, flight of stairs, herd of cows etc

Abstract Noun: examples of which are love, honesty, kindness etc.

  • Common Nouns are common to every person or thing of the same class.

Ex: boys, girls, teachers, tables, phones, laptops, schools etc.

  • Common nouns are the names of any object of the same kind.

Ex: Boys & girls are found in large numbers as they are common in their respective categories. Similarly, teachers, tables, phones etc are present in large number in their respective categories.

  • Proper nouns are the names of particular persons, places or things.

Example : Shivraj studies here. (Here Shivraj is a particular Person)

The Sun gives us energy. In this example, the sun is one of its kind, a particular thing.

Therefore, sun is a proper noun.

  • A proper noun always begins with a capital letter.

Ex. ‘D’ in Delhi, J in John and Jupiter.

Note: Common nouns are present in large numbers whereas the proper nouns don’t exist in large numbers.

Revision/ Recapitulation

  • Common noun is the person or thing of the same class. Ex: Chairs, teachers, trains, phones.

  • Proper noun is the particular name of person or thing or place. Ex: John, Anjali, Venus, Kolkata, Nagpur.

  • Common nouns begin with a small letter. Ex. C is small in chair

  • Proper Nouns starts with a capital letter. Ex.N in Nagpur & M in Mumbai.

  • Common nouns take articles ‘ a, an, the’ before them. Ex: a boy, an apple the chair.

  • Proper nouns don’t take any article before them.

  • Common nouns are used in singular and plural forms.

Ex: boy boys, child children.

  • Proper Nouns are not used in plural sense. You cannot say Delhis or Kolkatas or the Suns etc.

Today we are going to learn collective Nouns and Abstract Nouns in detail.

  • Collective Nouns are a group of persons, animals or things.

Ex: A crowd of people. (Here the underlined word ‘crowd’ is the example of a collective noun and the category is Person)

Ex : A herd of cattle. ( Here the word ‘herd’ is collective noun and the category is animals).

Ex: A bunch of keys. ( Similarly, bunch is a collective noun and belongs to the category of


  • Collective Nouns are used when we indicate a group together.

  • A collective noun is followed by a singular verb.

Ex: A herd of cattle is grazing in the field.

Here you can see the verb used here is singular as it has agreed with the collective noun ‘herd’ and not ‘cattle’. As the collective noun is followed by a singular verb, therefore , the verb ‘is’ used here.

  • Some more examples of collective nouns are

An army of soldiers, a flock of sheep, a flight of stairs, bouquet of flowers etc.

  • Abstract Noun is the name of quality, an action or a state.

  • An abstract noun cannot be seen or touched as it has no shape or size etc.

  • An abstract noun can only be felt.

Ex: He has much wisdom.

Here wisdom is abstract noun that is an example of Quality.

Ex: Elders give us advice.

In this example, advice which is abstract noun is an example of an action)

Similarly, I speak truth from boyhood. Boyhood is an abstract noun and an example of a state.

  • Quality: honesty, bravery, kindness, beauty, innocence, knowledge.

  • Action: laughter, practice, judgement

  • State: youth, childhood, poverty, happiness.

Revision/ Recapitulation

  • Collective Nouns are used when we indicate something collectively. i.e. all together.

  • For Example, a bunch of keys. I want not a single key, but a bunch of keys together. Therefore, bunch is a collective noun.

  • an abstract noun represents the words that express some feelings, quality or state.

  • We cannot see or touch abstract noun, we can only feel it. Ex. Love, honesty, kindness etc.

<<<<<<<<<<< Happy Reading >>>>>>>>>>>>


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