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For 2024 Board Exam
CBSE Competency Based Questions:
Class 10
Class 12

Chapter-wise Board Exam Questions: English Language & Literature | Class X

Updated: Feb 12

"Unleashing Success: Mastering Board Exams with Insights from 2019 to 2023!



A Letter to God

  •  Who read the letter sent by Lencho? What did he do then?

  • What did Lencho hope for and why ?

  • In what way would writing a letter to God help Lencho tide over his crisis ?

  • The Postmaster had mixed emotions while opening the letter. Comment.

  • Why did the night after the rains turn sorrowful for Lencho?

  • What are the raindrops compared to and why?


Two Stories About Flying

  • 'I'll take the risk''. What is the risk? Why does the narrator take the risk?

  • Describe the young seagull's first flight.

  • Family played a vital role in the first flight of the young seagull. Give examples to substantiate the above statement.

  • Motivation plays an important role in taking risks in life and in succeeding. Do you agree ? Discuss with reference to the pilot of the old Dakota and the young seagull.


Nelson Mandela: Long Walk to Freedom

  • Mandela said, and if they can learn to hate, they can be taught to love. Discuss. (100-120 Words/ 6 Marks)

  • No one is born hating another person because of the colour of his skin or his background or his religion. Do you agree? Elaborate on the basis of the chapter ' Nelson Mandela- Long Walk to Freedom'.  (100-120 Words/ 6 Marks)

Glimpses of India


  1. Where is Coorg located? Write any two characteristics of the people of Coorg?

  2. What did Pranjol and Rajvir do during the journey? Why?

  3. What is the Indian legend about the discovery of tea?

  4. Valour and hospitality are inherent in the people of Coorg. Explain.

  5. 'A Baker from Goa' is a nostalgic saga of childhood memories. Comment.

  6. Who are paders and why are they friends of children?

  7. Why did s excitement at seeing the tea gardens ?

  8. How is the Goan baker still an important part of the life of a Goan village?

  9. How did the baker become synonymous with celebrations and occasions in Goa?

  10. What does the writer recall about his childhood in Goa?


9. What attracts visitors to Coorg ? (Glimpses of India)

10. Why is Coorg called the land of the rolling hills?


The Sermons at Benares

  1. What does the Buddha say about the world? 40-50 Words/ 3 Marks)

  2. Through the story of Kisa Gotami, what did the Buddha try to preach to the common man? (100-120 Words/ 6 Marks)

  3. Kisa Gotami went from door to door when her son died. What was the result?

  4. What does Kisa Gotami ask for when she goes from house to house after she speaks with Buddha ? Does she get it ? Why ? Why not ?

  5. What did Siddhartha Gautama come across by chance when he was about twenty-five years old ?

  6. As ripe fruits are in danger of falling early, so mortals when born are always in danger of death'. With this statement of the Buddha find out the moral values that Kisa Gotami learnt after the death of her child. (100-120 Words/ 6 Marks)

  7. Why did Kisa Gotami meet the Buddha? How did Buddha change her life?

  8. What did Kisa Gotami do after the death of her only son ?

  9. Grief is often seen as a measure of love. Justify your response to Buddha s sermon

  10. 'These sights so moved him that he at once went out into the world to seek enlightenment.'' What were the sights that moved him?


9. How, according to Buddha, can one obtain peace of mind ? (The Sermon at Benares )


Madam Rides the Bus

  1. Whenever we want to achieve something, difficulties always come in our way. What did Valli have to do to go and ride in a bus?  (100-120 Words/ 6 Marks)

  2. The people and surroundings are a great book to learn from. Valli in the lesson ' Madam Rides the Bus' learns a lot from others. Mention the traits of her character which help her to learn from people and her surroundings.  (100-120 Words/ 6 Marks)

  3. How did Valli gather the details of the bus journey?

  4. What stopped Valli from going to the stall to have a drink ? What do we learn about Valli from this ?

  5. Valli was an extra-ordinary girl who had self-confidence and courage to realize her ambition by planning and drawing on her spirit of adventure. Discuss in reference to the chapter ‘Madam Rides the Bus’. (100-120 Words/ 6 Marks)


6. Valli was a mature girl and ahead of her age. Justify the statement with evidence from the text. (Madam Rides the Bus)

7. Valli was sensitive, but at the same time she was fearless and quite determined. Explain with reference to the text.


The Proposal


  1. Forgiveness is the foundation of a cordial relationship. Do you agree ? How is this message conveyed in the play ' The Proposal'?

  2. How did Chubukov react when Lomov asked for the hand of his daughter in marriage?

  3. Russian society emerges as an important character in the play. Support your answer giving instances.


3. Write a brief character-sketch of Lomov.

4. What was the objective of Lomov's visit to Chubukov's house?


The Tale of Custard The Dragon


Q1. How does the poem ‘The Tale of Custard The Dragon’ differ from the traditional ballad?

Q2. What did custard look like?

Q3. How did the other pets celebrate Custard getting rid of the pirate?

Q4. Describe how custard the dragon fights with the pirate.


Q5. How did Custard prove 'the Cowardly dragon' tag to be untrue?



Q1. What impression do you form about Amanda in the poem?

Q2. Why does Amanda wish to be a mermaid?

Q3. Amanda is alone, but not lonely in the world she envisions. Give instances from the poem to justify.


Q3. Don't bite your nails, Amanda !

Don't hunch your shoulders, Amanda

What does this reflect about Amanda's mother and Amanda.

Q4. Amanda was blamed for a number of things. Mention any two.


The Thief's Story

  1. Why does Anil not hand over Hari Singh to the police?

  2. How does Hari Singh justify to himself his stealing Anil's money?

  3. Trust and compassion can reform a person. Justify this statement in the light of the lesson 'The Thief's Story.'

  4. What does the thief say about the different reactions of the people when they are robbed ?

  5. Why did Hari Singh smile in his most appealing way towards the end of the story?


The Making of a Scientist


  1. What opinion did Mr. Weiherer, Ebright’s Social Science teacher have about him ?

  2.  How did Ebright's mother help him to become a scientist?

  3. Why did Richard Ebright raise a flock of butterflies?

  4. What lesson did Ebright learn when he did not win anything at a science fair?

  5.  A parent should try to be a companion to a child. Explain with reference to Richard s mother. (The Making of a Scientist)


6. What are the essential qualities for becoming a scientist, according to Ebright (The Making of a Scientist)


The Midnight Visitor

  1. How did Ausable get rid of Max without using a weapon?

  2. Describe Max as a secret agent.

  3.  What does the phrase 'honour among thieves' mean? Why does Horace get angry at this phrase?


A Triumph of Surgery

  1. What was Mr. Herriot’s strict advice ? Did Mrs. Pumphrey agree to his advice ?

  2. Why was Mr. Herriot Shocked at Tricki's appearance?

  3. How did Mrs. Pumphrey treat Tricki?

  4. What excuses did Mrs. Pumphrey make about Mr. Herriot’s advice ?



  1. Education is always a great asset in the life of a woman. How did Bholi, an educated girl, face the challenge posed by Bishamber’s greed?  (100-120 Words/ 6 Marks) /2-4-1

  2. Bholi was believed to be a dumb cow. What turned her into a fearless, bold and confident girl?

  3. Education is considered the most important tool for empowering women in the society. It plays an important role in social and cultural development. Prove the above statements in the light of the of the story 'Bholi'.  (100-120 Words/ 6 Marks)

  4. Destiny had been cruel to Bholi yet she made a place for herself in a conservative society. Discuss.

  5. The credit of Bholi's transformation to Sulekha goes to her teacher. Elaborate with instances from the text in 120 words.


5. Imagine you are Bholi and you have been invited to give a speech on the

importance of girl education. Write a speech on 'Girl Education and


 6. After reading the story ' Bholi' you find her to be 'a role model' for village girls. Discuss


The Necklace


  1. Those who are satisfied with what they have are happy in life. Those who aspire more than what they can afford ruin their life. Matilda was one such person. If she were content with her life, she would have led a happy life. Elaborate on the basis of the chapter ‘The Necklace.’ (100-120 Words/ 6 Marks)

  2.  Mme Loisel's disposition invites her doom. Elucidate with reference to the text. (100-120 Words/ 6 Marks)

  3. Contentment in one's life is very important to lead a peaceful life. We should be happy with what we have and should not crave for what we do not have. Matilda suffered in life because she was not content in her life. Her desires led to her disaster. What do you learn from her mistake in life? (100-120 Words/ 6 Marks)

  4.  Matilda's over-ambitiousness was the cause of her destruction. Justify.

  5. Matilda was very proud of her beauty and charm and this led to her downfall. Elaborate.

6. How did the necklace change the life of Loisel ?


6. Matilda realized that one little act of negligence can lead to total ruin. What do you learn from this and how would you move on in life? (The Necklace)


(2-5-1)/ 2-6-1

From the Diary of Anne Frank

Let me put this more clearly, since no one will believe that a thirteen-year old girl is completely alone in this world. And I’m not. I have loving parents and a sixteen years old sister, and there are almost thirty people I can call friends. I have a family, loving aunts and a good house. No, on the surface I seem to have everything, except my one true friend. All I think about when I am with friends is having a good time. I can’t bring myself to talk about anything, but ordinary everyday things.

(i) On the surface, it appears that Anne the thirteen-year-old girl _____.

(ii) How can we infer that the speaker felt alone in the world ?

(a) She had a family of many people.

(b) She had loving parents.

(c) She had thirty friends.

(d) She craves for a true friend.

(iii) Anne and her friends talked about _____.

(a) their problematic parents

(b) their financial problems

(c) common everyday things

(d) the commuting problems

(iv) Complete the analogy by selecting the suitable word from the text:

alone : friends : : nothing :

v) Select the option that correctly captures the usage of the idiom ‘bring myself ’ from the extract

(a) to do something willingly

(b) to do something unwillingly

(c) a charitable act

(d) an involuntary act

Footprints Without Feet

Mrs. Hall almost fell down the stairs in hysterics. She was convinced that the room was haunted by spirits and that the stranger had somehow caused these to enter into her furniture.

(i) Mrs. Hall tripped because ______

(a) the floor was oily.

(b) she was standing on a chair.

(c) she was in a state of panic.

(d) the door was slammed.

(ii) Mrs. Hall suspected everything in the room was put under a spell of witchcraft by ______.

(iii) Fill in the blank with one word only : Mrs. Hall was afraid that spirits had entered _______.

(iv) According to the extract, the feeling of Mrs. Hall can be best described as

(1) stunned

(2) happy

(3) awestruck

(4) nervous

(5) outraged

(6) agitated

Select the correct option:

(a) (2) and (4)

(b) (3) and (6)

(c) (5) and (6)

(d) (1) and (6)

(v) ‘Spirits’ in the above lines means the same as

(a) ghosts

(b) conscience

(c) ego

(d) attitude


For Anne Gregory

  • The poet in the poem ' For Anne Gregory' conveys beauty as temporary. Explain with reference to the poem.

  • What is the colour of the woman's hair? Why will she change colour of her hair?


How To Tell Wild Animals

Though to distinguish beasts of prey

A novice might nonplus,

The crocodiles you always may

Tell from the Hyena thus :

Hyenas come with merry smiles;

But if they weep they’re crocodiles.

1. Select the appropriate option to complete the sentence, according to the extract

Crocodiles can be identified by their _______.

(a) tears

(b) attitude

(c) smiles

(d) attacks

2. State whether the following statement is True or False :

Hyenas are famous for weeping.

3. ‘Novice’ in line 2 means the same as :

(a) learner

(b) beast

(c) tender foot

(d) beginner

4. In this extract the poet has presented two different behavioural traits of animals. They are ______.

5. The poet uses ‘A novice might nonplus” instead of the novice might get confused. How does this usage impact the poem ?

(a) adds an incorrect option.

(b) it is associated with beasts.

(c) it rhymes and adds humour.

(d) it simplifies the meaning.


A Tiger in the Zoo

He stalks in his vivid stripes

The few steps of his cage,

On pads of velvet quiet,

In his quiet rage

He should be lurking in shadow

Sliding through long grass

Near the water hole

Where plump deer pass.

(i) Complete the sentence appropriately. The vivid stripes refer to the ______.

(ii) Which word from the extract is the opposite of ‘loud’ ?

(iii) The use of the phrase ‘pads of velvet’ means

(a) neck (b) tail (c) skin (d) paws

(iv) State whether the following statement is True or False

(v) The confinement of the cramped space of the cage has restricted the tiger’s steps.

(v) The tiger was lurking in shadow _________

(a) to catch its prey

(b) as the cage was dark

(c) as the velvet was quiet

(d) as he was in a rage

Q2. State any three disadvantages that the tiger faces inside a cage.

Q3. How would the tiger behave in the forest?

To be Continued. Keep visiting the site.

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