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Reading Worksheet: CB Questions | Class IX-X |CBSE

Updated: Mar 24

Score High Marks in English with Competency Based Reading Worksheet.


Read the passage carefully and answer the questions that follow

1.Increasing traffic congestion every year is causing increasing air pollution, wasting time and productivity and diverse respiratory diseases. Moreover, the cost of solving or reducing traffic congestion is enormous. However, neglecting the traffic jam problem would increase the social problems among citizens.


2.The number of vehicles has increased considerably in the city in the past five years. Due to this increase, the city roads witness frequent traffic congestions, but above all, the vehicles emitting pollutants are affecting the environment adversely.


3. The Capital’s vehicular population saw an addition of more than five lakh vehicles last year, registering an increase of over 4%, according to the Delhi Economic Survey 2020-21.


4. In spite of the largest road network, through metro and bus services in major cities the transport system is not being able to keep pace with the growing demand. Consequently, more and more people use their private vehicles, leading to increased congestion on the roads. In spite of these challenges people in India prefer road travel over air and other means of travel.

Citizens of Delhi/NCR have, time and again, pondered over the possibilities of how to reduce the traffic congestion in the city, especially during the peak hours. People should use public transport, the government must increase the facilities of public transport, people should avoid the unnecessary collection of vehicles and should use carpool and vehicle sharing.


5. What is required is proper implementation of corrective measures by citizens to get an organized traffic management system.


 

(i) Infer one reason for the following, based on information in paragraph 1.

Reducing traffic congestion is not easy.


(ii) Select the appropriate option to complete the following sentence. The reasons for increased traffic congestion are ________.

1. use of private vehicles

2. increase in demand for cars

3. inability to keep pace with population control

4. travelling by public transport

5. emission of pollutants


(a) 4, 5 (b) 1, 5 (c) 1, 2 (d) 2, 3


(iii) Complete the following analogy correctly with a word / phrase from the paragraph 5.

organized : chaotic : : lowest : _______

Clue : Just as organized is an antonym of chaotic, lowest is an antonym of _______.


(iv) The vehicles emit pollutants which affect _______ badly.

(v) Complete the following sentence. Use of public transport will reduce ________.

(vi) Select the appropriate option which states the methods of reducing traffic congestions.

1. start car pooling

2. add electric buses

3. increase in public modes of transport

4. increase car collection points

5. increase taxation


(a) 1, 4, 5 (b) 3, 5 (c) 2, 3 ,4 (d) 1, 3


(vii) Analyze the status of traffic between the years 2019-2022.


englishwithadifference.com
Delhi's Traffic Status

(viii) Give the reasons for increase in vehicular congestion.

ix) Fill in the blank by selecting the correct option.

There are _______ consequences of increasing vehicular congestion.

(a) beneficial

(b) adverse

(c) implicit

(d) explicit

(x) Substitute the underlined word with ONE WORD similar in meaning in the following sentence. Citizens of Delhi/NCR have time and time again pondered over the possibilities of how to reduce traffic congestion.

 



Answer Key

(i) The cost of solving or reducing traffic congestion is enormous.

(ii) (c) 1 and 2

(iii) peak, (1 mark to be awarded to any relevant word from the passage because there is no answer in para 5).

(iv) the environment

(v) traffic congestion

(vi) (d) 1 and 3

(vii) # Higher in 2019 # Went down in 2020 #Slight increase in 2021 and further increase in 2022

(viii) Population increase, people find it easier and comfortable to travel by their own vehicles and by road.

(ix) (b) adverse.

(x) thought / wondered.

 

Q2. Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions that follow.


(1) If you’re like most kids, you may love snow. Not only can it get you out of school, but it’s also fun to play with. Who doesn’t love to sled and build snowmen ? Snow can also be dangerous, too. You may have heard your parents talk about how difficult it can be to drive in snow. Car accidents aren’t the only dangers created by snow. If you’re ever skiing in the mountains, you’ll want to be aware of avalanches. An avalanche is a sudden flow of snow down a slope, such as a mountain. The amount of snow in an avalanche will vary based on many things, but it can be such a huge pile that it can bury the bottom of a slope in dozens of feet of snow. 


(2) Avalanches can be caused by many things. Some of them are natural. For example, new snow or rain can cause built up snow to loosen and fall down the side of a mountain. Earthquakes and the movement of animals have also been known to cause avalanches. Artificial triggers can also cause avalanches. For example, snowmobiles, skiers, gunshots and explosives have all been known to cause avalanches. Avalanches usually occur during the winter and spring, when snowfall is greatest. As they are dangerous to any living beings in their path, avalanches have destroyed forests, roads, railroads and even entire towns.


(3) Warning signs exist that allow experts to predict – and often prevent – avalanches from occurring. When over a foot of fresh snow falls, experts know to be on the lookout for avalanches. Explosives can be used in places with massive snow build-ups to trigger smaller avalanches that don’t pose a danger to persons or property. When deadly avalanches do occur, the moving snow can quickly reach over 80 miles per hour. Skiers caught in such avalanches can be buried under dozens of feet of snow. While it’s possible to dig out of such avalanches, not all are able to escape.


(4) If you get tossed about by an avalanche and find yourself buried under many feet of snow, you might not have a true sense of which way is up and which way is down. Some avalanche victims have tried to dig their way out, only to find that they were upside down and digging themselves farther under the snow rather than to the top ! Experts suggest that people caught in an avalanche try to “swim” to the top of the moving snow to stay close to the surface. Once the avalanche stops, do your best to dig around you to create a space for air, so you can breathe easier. Then, do your best to figure out which way is up and dig in that direction to reach the surface and signal rescuers.  


 

(i) Complete the sentence by choosing an appropriate option :

 Avalanche can be caused by ______

(a) new snow or rain. (b) heavy winds. (c) high altitude. (d) global warming


(ii) Comment on warning signs exist which allow experts to predict avalanches in two sentences.


(iii) Mention two reasons which destroyed the natural scenery.


(iv) Select the option that conveys the opposite of ‘massive’ : 

(a) tiny (b) lengthy (c) bulky (d) extensive

(v) The writer will agree with one of the given statements (paragraph 4) 

(a) People caught in the Avala

(b) Put on an oxygen Mask.  

(c) Digging is not possible. 

(d) Should not come close to the surface.


(vi) Select the option that corresponds to the following relation below : 

You may not have an idea of which way is up and which way is down. 


(a) The crowd will gather at Gate No. 1 and disperse from Gate No. 2.

(b) Due to the torrential rain, there was a heavy flooding. 

(c) The guest felt uneasy and uncomfortable watching the child’s performance. 

(d) The more the effort, the bigger the gain

(vii) The major causes which do not trigger an avalanche : 


a) Earthquakes (b) Snow fall (c) Rain (d) Plastic waste 


(viii) (viii) Explosives can be used in places ___________. (complete the sentence)


(ix) The word ‘deadly’ in the (3) paragraph most nearly means 

(a) likely to cause death (b) harmful (c) very boring (d) scary


(x) Select the most suitable title for the above passage : 


(a) Avalanches (b) Adventure with Snow (c) Ice Games (d) Calamity


 




Answer Key

(i) (a) New snow or rain 


(ii) when more than a foot of snow falls avalanches can be predicted. It allows them to be on a lookout and take preventive measures 


(iii) any 2 of the following options: Earthquake / avalanche / explosions / snowmobiles/ skiers/ gunshots 


(iv) (a) tiny 


(v) (a) People caught in the avalanche can try to swim to the top. 

(vi) (a) gather/disperse


 (vii) (d) Plastic waste


 (viii) in places where massive snow builds up (to trigger smaller avalanches that don’t pose too much danger).


(ix) (a) likely to cause death


 (x) Avalanches


 

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