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CBSE Competency Based Questions:
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English CBQ Extract Class XII:Board PYQs |

Updated: Mar 17

Literature Extract ( ERCs) Questions of Previous Years 2023-2022


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Q. Read the given extracts to attempt the questions with reference to the context.

My Mother At sixty Six

(a) but after airport’s

security check, standing a few yards away,

I looked again at her, Wan,

pale as a late winter’s moon and felt that

old familiar ache, my childhood’s fear

but all I said was,

see you soon, Amma,

All I did was smile and smile and smile ------

 

(i) Choose the correct option :

In the above extract the narrator feels

(a) satisfied (b) fearful (c) nostalgic (d) regretful


(ii) Identify the word in the extract that means ‘colourless’.


(iii) Complete the following analogy correctly :

She sang like a bird : Simile All I did was smile and smile and smile : ______


(iv) Read the following statement and choose the correct option :

(1) The poet had gone through the security check.

(2) She did not want to look at her mother.

(a) (1) is true, but (2) is false.

(b) (1) is false, but (2) is true.

(c) Both (1) and (2) are true.

(d) Both (1) and (2) are false.


(v) What childhood fear is the poet referring to ?


(vi) Fill the blank with appropriate words with reference to the extract :

Pale as a winter’s moon suggests _______.

 

Answer Key

(i) b) fearful

(ii) Wan/pale

(iii) repetition

(iv) (a) (1) is true, but (2) is false.

(v) Suggested value points (any one)

- fear of separation from mother

- losing her mother

(vi) Loss of - youthfulness / charm/ sheen/ brightness - approaching - dullness/ weakness and old age ( any one)

 

My Mother At Sixty Six


Q. Driving from my parent's home

to Cochin last Friday morning, 

I saw my mother, beside me, doze, open mouthed, 

her face ashen like that of a corpse, 

and realized with pain

that she was as old as she

looked but soon

put that thought away, 

and looked out at Young Trees sprinting,

 the merry children spilling out of their homes

 

(i) The poet's mother looks

I. exhausted

II. healthy

III. rejuvenated

IV. pale

V. relaxed

Choose the most appropriate option:

(a) Only V

(b) I, III and V

(c) I, II and IV

(d) I and IV


(ii) The poet looks out of the car because _______


(iii) Choose the option that displays the same poetic device as 'her face ashen like that of a corpse'.


(a) stars winked in the midnight sky

(b) a bitter sweet experience

(c) as cold as ice

(d) grey geese in the green field


(iv) The phrase 'she realized with pain' indicates the poet's

(a) anxiety of missing the flight.

(b) fear of losing her mother.

(c) fear of illness.

(d) anxiety of taking her mother on the flight.


(v) On the basis of the extract, study the two statements, I and II given below :

 I. The poet was in a hurry to reach the airport.

II. The poet did not want to think about her mother growing old and infirm.


Choose the most appropriate option :

(a) I is correct, but II is incorrect

(b) Both I and II are correct

(c) Both I and II are incorrect

 (d) II is correct, but I is incorrect


(vi) What does the phrase 'sprinting tree'?


(a) youthfulness and forgetfulness

(b) vitality and youthfulness

(c) energy and casualness

(d) pallor and exuberance


 

Answer Key

(i) d) I and IV

(ii) she wants to put that thought away / to put away the thought of her mother’s imminent death / to divert or distract or deviate her mind

(iii) (c) as cold as ice

(iv) (b) fear of losing her mother.

(v) (d) II is correct, but I is incorrect

(vi) (b) vitality and youthfulness

 

Question Paper set 1/4/1

I saw my mother, beside me,

doze, open mouthed,

her face ashen like that of a corpse

and realised with pain that

she was as old as she looked

but soon put that thought away,

and looked out at Young Trees sprinting,

the merry children spilling out of their homes,


(i) Identify the phrase that indicates youthful energy.


(ii) Which thought is the poet trying to put away ?

(a) missing the flight

(b) fear of losing her mother

(c) leaving her mother behind

(d) reaching Cochin


(iii) The Poet's mother is described as 'open mouthed' because ______

(a) she is curious

(b) she is surprised

(c) she was dead

(d) she was dozing


(iv) Complete the following analogy :

children spilling : metaphor : : ___________ : personification


(v) The sight of the trees and the children helped the poet _______ .


(vi) In the given extract the phrase 'realised with pain' indicates the poet's


(a) anxiety

(b) desperation

(c) troubled past

(d) ill-health

 

Answer Key

(i) young trees sprinting / merry children spilling

(ii) (b) fear of losing her mother

(iii) (d) she was dozing

(iv) trees sprinting

(v) distract or divert herself / cope with the thought of separation or sadness / put that thought away / put the thought of separation away

(vi) (a) anxiety

 

Keeping Quiet

Now we will count to twelve and we will all keep still.

For once on the face of the Earth

let's not speak in any language,

let's stop for one second,

and not move our arms so much.

It would be an exotic moment

without rush, without engines,

 we would all be together

 in a sudden strangeness.

(Keeping Quiet)

 

(i) Significance of counting up to twelve is


(a) it is time to start the race.


(b) it is symbolic of life.


(c) it is a measure of time.


(d) that time does not wait for anyone.


(ii) The word __________ in the extract means unusual and exciting.


(iii) Excessive activity would create an atmosphere of


(a) productivity (b) mechanisation (c) confusion (d) competition.  


(iv) The poet would want to create all of the following EXCEPT


(a) a peaceful environment.


(b) a harmonious world.


(c) an atmosphere for introspection.


(d) a world full of hustle and bustle.


(v) Complete the following analogy correctly:


face of the Earth: ________ : : sudden strangeness: alliteration 


(vi) On the basis of the extract, study the two statements, I and II given below


I. People must keep silent at twelve everyday.

II. Introspection will lead to peaceful coexistence.

Choose the most appropriate option :

 (a) I is false, but II is true

(b) Both I and II are false

 (c) Both I and II are true

(d) I is true, but II is false

 

Answer Key

(i) (c) it is a measure of time.

(ii) exotic

(iii) (b) mechanisation

(iv) (d) a world full of hustle and bustle

(v) personification

(vi) a) I is false, but II is true



 

A Roadside Stand


(ii) Sometimes I feel myself I can hardly bear

The thought of so much childish longing in vain,

The sadness that lurks near the open window there,

That waits all day in almost open prayer.

For the squeal of brakes, the sound of a stopping car,

Of all the thousand selfish cars that pass,

Just one to inquire what a farmer’s prices are.


(i) What is the sentiment expressed in the above extract ?

(i) remorse (ii) regret (iii) empathy (iv) disappointment (v) guilt

Choose the correct appropriate option.

(a) (iii) and (iv) (b) (ii) and (iii) (c) (iv) and (v) (d) (i) and (v)


(ii) Identify the phrase in the extract that suggests ‘innocent desires’.


(iii) The roadside stand owners pray for ______.

(a) a relief from the heat (b) free housing (c) cars stopping (d) benefits from pollution


(iv) Complete the following analogy correctly :

He fought like a lion: Simile :: selfish cars : _____


(v) On the basis of the extract, choose the correct option with reference to (1) and (2) given below :

(1) The people who have put up the roadside stand keep waiting for customers.

(2) They become sad when someone turns up.

(a) (1) is true, but (2) is false.

(b) (1) is false, but (2) is true.

(c) Both (1) and (2) are true.

(d) Both (1) and (2) are false.


(vi) Fill the blank appropriately with reference to the extract.

‘Squeal of brakes’ implies ________

 

Answer Key

(i) (a) (iii) and (iv)

(ii) ‘childish longing’

(iii) (c) cars stopping

(iv) Transferred epithet / personification

(v) (a) (1) is true, but (2) is false.

(vi) applying of brakes / stopping of cars

 

Set Question No. 1/4/1


In front at the edge of the road where the traffic sped,

A roadside stand too pathetically pled,

It would not be fair to say for a dole of bread,

But for some of the money, the cash, whose flow supports

The flower of cities from sinking and withering faint.

The polished traffic passed with a mind ahead,

Or if ever aside a moment, then out of sorts

At having the landscape marred with the artless paint

Of signs that with N turned wrong and S turned wrong


(i) What is the tone of the poet in the extract ? Choose the correct option :

(a) optimistic (b) resigned (c) sympathetic (d) indifferent

(ii) With reference to the given extract, what harm has been caused by the 'artless paint?'


(iii) The city is compared to ____________ .

(a) a landscape

(b) signs of N and S

c) a flower

(d) a dole of bread


(iv) Choose the correct option :

The roadside stand is

(a) at the edge of the road.

(b) marred with artless paint.

(c) like the flower of cities.

(d) well maintained.


(v) What type of expectations do the stand owners have from the city dwellers who come there ?


(vi) Complete the analogy with a word from the given extract.

donate : contribute : : dying : ___________

 

Answer Key

(i) c) sympathetic

(ii) spoilt the view / marred the scenic beauty / damaged the landscape

(iii) (c) a flower

(iv)  (a) at the edge of the road

(v) buy their produce and give some cash in return / stop and promote their business.

(vi) withering

 




 

Question Code 1/5/1

A Thing of Beauty


A thing of beauty is a joy forever

Its loveliness increases, it will never

pass into nothingness: but will keep

A bower quiet for us, and a sleep


Full of sweet dreams, and health and quiet and breathing.

Therefore, on every morrow are we wreathing

A flowery band to bind us to the earth;

Spite of despondence, of the inhuman dearth

Of noble natures, of the gloomy days,

Of all the unhealthy and o’er darkened ways

Made for our searching.


(i) Keats defines beauty as

(a) transient (b) eternal (c) illusionary (d) short lived


(ii) ‘will keep a bower quiet for us’ means all of the following EXCEPT

(a) create a peaceful, shady place

(b) provide a shelter (

(c) will decrease noise pollution

(d) nature’s canopy


(iii) On the basis of the extract, choose the correct option with reference to the two statements given below :

1. Beautiful things uplift the soul.

2. Beauty is everchanging.

(a) 1 can be inferred from the extract but 2 cannot.

(b) 2 can be inferred from the extract but 1 cannot.

(c) both 1 and 2 can be inferred from the extract.

(d) both 1 and 2 cannot be inferred from the extract.


(iv) The things that cause unhappiness are

(1) lack of noble nature

(2) old tunes

(3) dull days

(4) calm mind

(5) a flowery band

(6) strong relationships

Choose the most appropriate option :

(a) (1) and (2) (b) (1) and (3) (c) (4) and (5) (d) (3) and (6)


(v) Complete the analogy. Do not repeat from used example :

flowery band : metaphor :: : _________ : alliteration


(vi) According to the poet ‘every morrow’ we are _______.

 

Answer Key

(i) (b) eternal

(ii)  (c ) will decrease noise pollution

(iii) (a ) 1 can be inferred from the extract but 2 cannot.

(iv) (b) (1) and (3)

(v) noble natures, band to bind

(vi) wreathing a flowery band / getting close to nature


CBSE Sample Paper 2023-24


And such too is the grandeur of the dooms

We have imagined for the mighty dead;

All lovely tales that we have heard or read:

An endless fountain of immortal drink,

Pouring unto us from the heaven's brink.


(i) Which of the following themes is best represented in the given extract?


A. The beauty of nature

B. The power of imagination

C. The immortality of art and literature

D. The inevitability of death


(ii) State whether the given statement is TRUE or FALSE, with reference to the extract. By referring to the dead as "mighty", the poet emphasizes their importance and the power they exerted on the people.


(iii) Complete the sentence appropriately. The "endless fountain of immortal drink" is an apt analogy for the tales of the mighty dead because ____________________________.


(iv) The use of the word "brink" in the extract suggests that the immortality that is being poured onto us is on the verge of overflowing. This creates a powerful image of ___________.


(v) Select the option that is NOT true about the lack of punctuation at the end of line 1 in the extract.

A. Creates a sense of continuity and flow that connects the line with the second line.

B. Encourages the reader to continue reading seamlessly without any pause.


C. Creates a sense of anticipation and expectation for the reader.

D. Encourages a revisit to the ideas in the preceding lines.



Qestion Code 1/5/1


Aunt Jennifer's Tigers


Aunt Jennifer’s tigers prance across a screen,

Bright topaz denizens of a world of green,

They do not fear the men beneath the tree;

They pace in sleek chivalric certainty.

Aunt Jennifer’s fingers fluttering through her wool

Find even the ivory needle hard to pull.

The massive weight of uncle’s wedding band

Sits heavily upon Aunt Jennifer’s hand.


(i) Denizens of the world of green refer to ______.


(a) huntsmen (b) Aunt Jennifer (c) uncle (d) tigers


(ii) Choose the option that displays the same poetic device as used in the second line of the extract.

(a) heart of stone

(b) trees sprouting

(c) silver spoon

(d) white murder


(iii) The men setting beneath the tree are _______.


(iv) What quality of uncle can be inferred through these lines ?

(a) compassionate nature

(b) courageous

(c) confident

(d) dominating


(v) The tigers in the extract are symbolic of

(a) creativity and courage

(b) confidence and gentleness

(c) cruelty and fear

(d) aggression and starving


(vi) Aunt Jennifer’s tigers prance across

(1) the screen (2) the fields

(3) the embroidered tunic (4) the cage

Which of the following is the most appropriate choice ?

(a) (1) and (2)

(b) (2) and (4)

(c) (1), (2) and (3)

(d) (1) and (3)

 

Answer Key

(i) (d) tigers

(ii) (a) heart of stone

(iii) the hunters / symbolic of patriarchal society / any other relevant answer

(iv) (d) dominating

(v) (b) confidence and gentleness

(vi) (d) (1) and (3)

 








The Third Level


(a) The clerk figured the fare – he glanced at my fancy hat band, but he figured the fare – and I had enough for two coach tickets, one way. But when I counted out the money and looked up, the clerk was staring at me. He nodded at the bills. “That ain’t money, mister,” he said, “and if you’re trying to skin me, you won’t get very far,” and he glanced at the cash drawer, beside him. Of course the money was old-style bills half again as big as the money we use nowadays and different looking.


(i) Why did Charley ask for two tickets ?


(ii) Complete the sentence by choosing the correct option :

When Charley offered money to the booking clerk, the latter stared at Charley because the booking clerk ________

(a) thought it wasn’t money .

(b) did not trust Charley.

(c) thought Charley was trying to tease him.

(d) thought that Charley had given him less money.


(iii) Select the option that best describes Charley in this extract. He is

(a) a cheat (b) gullible (c) an opportunist (d) an escapist


(iv) ‘If you’re trying to skin me’ suggests ________

 

Answer Key

(i) wanted to take his wife (Louisa) with him

(ii) (a) thought it wasn’t money

(iii) (d) an escapist

(iv) to cheat / dupe / fleece / make fool of

 

Question Code : 1/4/1

941 Willard Street Galesburg, Illinois

July 18, 1894

Charley

I got to wishing that you were right. Then I got to believing you were right. And, Charley, it's true; I found the third level! I've been here two weeks, and right now, down the street at the Daly's, someone is playing a piano, and they're all out on the front porch singing 'Seeing Nelly Home'. And I'm invited over for lemonade. Come on back, Charley and Louisa. Keep looking till you find the third level! It's worth it, believe me!

The note is signed Sam.


(i) What was the feeling of Sam as conveyed in the letter ?

Choose the appropropriate option in the context of the extract.

(a) surprise (b) doubt (c) excitement (d) anger


(ii) What was Sam Weiner reaction when Charley told him about the third level ?

(a) dismissal (b) acceptance (c) wonderstruck (d) puzzled


(iii) The phrase' Charlie, it's true' in the context of the extract implies which of the given options.

I. Sam is relaxed

II. Charley had migrated with Louisa

III. The existence of the third level

iv. Sam had met Charley's grandfather.

Choose the most appropriate option:

(a) I and II (b) II and IV (c) I and III (d) IV only


(iv) Sam wrote the letter to Charley in order to __________ .

 

Answer Key

(i) (c) excitement

(ii) (b) acceptance

(iii) (c) I and III

(iv) motivate him to keep looking for the third level till he found it / confirm the existence of the third level / invite him to Galesburg

 

Question Code 1/5/1

To make sure, I walked over the newsboy and glanced at the stack of papers at his feet. It was The World and The World hasn’t been published for years. The lead story said something about President Cleveland. I’ve found that front page since, in the Public library files, and it was printed June 11, 1894. I turned toward the ticket windows knowing that here – on the third level at Grand Central – I could buy tickets that would take Louisa and me anywhere in the United States we wanted to go. In the year 1894. And I wanted two tickets to Galesburg, Illinois.


(i) The newspaper that covered the lead story about President Cleveland was

(a) The Pioneer (b) The New York Times (c) The World (d) The Times


(ii) The narrator wanted to buy tickets to _______.


(iii) Which of the following in the extract most nearly means the opposite of ‘stare’ ?

(a) glance (b) peek (c) ignore (d) examine


(iv) Charley wanted two tickets because he wanted to go with

(a) Sam (b) Cleveland (c) Louisa (d) the Psychiatrist

 

Answer Key

(i) (c) The World

(ii) Galesburg

(iii) (a) glance

(iv) (c) Louisa

 

Lost Spring


(a) And in dark hutments, next to lines of flames of flickering oil lamps, sit boys and girls with their fathers and mothers, welding pieces of coloured glass into circles of bangles. Their eyes are more adjusted to the dark than to the light outside. That is why they often end up losing their eyesight before they become adults.

 

(i) Complete the sentence with reference to the extract :

Their eyes are more adjusted to the dark than to the light outside because ______.


(ii) Which of the following would NOT be true ?

(a) The hutments were shining and inviting.

(b) The children’s lives were as bleak as their surrounding.

(c) There were no electricity connections.

(d) The boys and girls had got used to the dark.


(iii) The bangle workers lose their eyesight before they became adults because ____

(a) they already have poor eyesight.

(b) they work in dim light.

(c) they are married in childhood.

(d) they are malnourished.


(iv) Which of the following most nearly means ‘adjusted’ in the context of the extract ?

(a) conditioned (b) favoured (c) accepted (d) reconciled


(v) ‘Flickering oil lamps’ suggests ________.


(vi) What is the antonym from the extract of the word ‘rarely’ ?

 

Answer Key

(i) Suggested value points ( any one)

  • most of the time is spent in dark hutments -

  • of the flickering oil lamps -

  • of dim light

(ii) (a) The hutments were shining and inviting.

(iii) (b) they work in dim light.

(iv) (a) conditioned

(v) dim / blinking / fluctuating / varying (any one)

(vi) often

 

Question Code 1/5/1

Extract No. 2

“I sometimes find a rupee, even a ten rupee note”, Saheb says, his eyes lighting up when you can find a silver coin in a heap of garbage, you don’t stop scrounging, for there is hope of finding more. It seems that for children, garbage has a meaning different from what it means to their parents. For the children it is wrapped in wonder, for the elders it is a means of survival. One winter morning I see Saheb standing by the fenced gate of the neighbourhood club, watching two young men dressed in white, playing tennis. “I like the game”, he hums, content to watch it standing behind the fence. “I go inside when no one is around” he admits. “The gate keeper lets me use the swing.”


(i) Saheb found a rupee

(a) on the street (b) in the garbage dump

(c) in Firozabad (d) on the tennis court


(ii) Which emotion of Saheb is revealed in the phrase ‘his eyes lighting up’ ?

(a) anxiety (b) envy (c) happiness (d) greed


(iii) For the elders garbage is _______ and for children it is _______.


(iv) On the basis of the extract, choose the correct option with reference to I and II given below :

I. Saheb watches the game from outside.

II. Saheb had lost the previous match.

(a) I is true but II is not

(b) II is true but I is not

(c) Both I and II are true

(d) Both I and II are untrue


(v) ‘Scrounging’ in the passage most nearly means.

(a) digging (b) searching (c) flinging (d) burying


(vi) ‘There is hope for finding more’. Explain with reference to the above extract.

 

Answer Key

(i) (b) in the garbage dump

(ii) (c) happiness

(iii) survival, wrapped in wonder.

(iv) ( a) I is true but II is not

(v) (b) searching

(vi) more money / more silver coins / something precious / something valuable (any one)

 




The Rattrap

(b) “I am thinking of this stranger here,” said Edla “He walks and walks the whole year long, and there is probably not a single place in the whole country where he is welcome and can feel at home. Wherever he turns he is chased away. Always he is afraid of being arrested and cross-examined. I should like to have him enjoy a day of peace with us here-just one in the whole year.”

 

(i) Complete the following sentence with the most appropriate option :

Edla wished the Pedlar to have a peaceful day because ______

(a) the Pedlar had worked for Edla.

(b) the Pedlar had not been released from jail.

(c) the Pedlar had been staying at the forge.

(d) the Pedlar had always been looked with suspicion.


(ii) Select the suitable word from the extract to complete analogy.

single : multiple :: abroad : _________


(iii) In the above extract, Edla comes across as

(a) conscientious (b) pretentions (c) compassionate (d) selfless


(iv) Based on the above extract, choose the statement which is true.

(a) relationships are rattraps.

(b) money is important in the world.

(c) criminal is not born but made.

(d) christmas is a time of charity


(v) In the context of the given extract, which day is referred to in the expression ‘just one in the whole year’ ?


(vi) What does the expression ‘he is cross examined’ suggest ?

 

Answer Key

(i) (d) the peddler had always been looked with suspicion.

(ii) home

(iii) (c) compassionate

(iv) (d) Christmas is a time of charity

(v) Christmas

(vi) questioned / interrogated / (any other suitable answer)

 

Question Code: 1/3/1 ( 2023)

 

The Enemy

"You are to come to the palace," the man said. "The old General is in pain again."

"Oh," Hana breathed, "Is that all?"

"All?" the messenger exclaimed. "Is it not enough?"

"Indeed it is," she replied, "I am very sorry."

When Sadao came to say goodbye, she was in the kitchen, but doing nothing. The children were asleep and she sat merely resting for a moment, more exhausted from her fright than from work.

 

(i) Seeing the messenger, Hana was apprehensive of ________

(ii) The summons for Dr. Sadao were because

(a) the servants had reported.

(b) there was a medical emergency.

(c) the General wanted to express his admiration.

(d) the prisoner of war had escaped.


(iii) Which of the following summarizes Hana's reason for resting momentarily?


(a) Her physical exhaustion

(b) Her fear

(c) Her infirmity

(d) Her sadness

(iv) Complete the analogy correctly with a word from the extract.

asleep awake :: rejuvenated: ________

 

Answer Key

(i) Dr. Sadao’s arrest / the authorities coming to know about the presence of POW in their house / of the servants having informed about the presence of the POW

(ii) (b) there was a medical emergency.

(iii) (b) her fear

(iv) exhausted

 

On the Face of It

Mr. Lamb: Look, boy, look... what do you see?

Derry: Just... grass and stuff. Weeds

Mr. Lamb: Some call them weeds. If you like, then a weed garden, that. There's fruit and there are flowers, and trees and herbs. All sorts. But over there weeds. I grow weeds there. Why is one green, growing plant called a weed and another 'flower'? Where's the difference? It's all life... growing. Same as you and me.

Derry: We're not the same.

 

(i) In the above extract, what best summarizes Mr. Lamb's attitude towards growing weeds?

(a) a celebration of life

(b) an acceptance of his poverty

(c) a manifestation of his loneliness

(d) an example of his gardening skills


(ii) Which of the following best describes Derry's tone when he says "We're not the same"?

(a) bitter