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Tenses in English Grammar | Simple Present & Uses

Updated: Feb 27, 2023

CONTENTS

1. Forms of Verbs

2. Conjugation of verbs

3. Position of BE and Have Verbs.

4. Tense and its Types.

5. Simple Present- Structure and Uses with examples.





Forms of Verbs


​BE VERBS

​am, is, are, was, were

​HAVE VERBS

​have, has, had

​STRONG VERBS

​Write- wrote- Written (Note: Strong Verbs or irregular verbs form their past tense by changing the inside vowels of present tense.)

​WEAK VERBS

​flow- flowed/ feel- felt etc. (Note: Weak verbs also called regular verbs form their past tense by adding ‘-d, -ed, or –t’. )



2.Conjugation of verbs

Conjugation of Regular/Irregular Verbs.






3.Position of BE and Have Verbs.















4.Tense and its Types.

  • Tense refers to different Stages of time when a work is done.

Tense has three forms.

  • Present Tense

  • Past Tense

  • Future Tense

  • Present Tense : I watch TV everyday.

  • Past Tense : I watched TV yesterday.

  • Future: I shall watch TV this evening.

Present Tense

  • A verb that represents the present time is said to be in Present tense.

  • Tense basically refers to time.

  • Every Tense has Four Forms.

  • Simple Present

  • Present Continuous

  • Present Perfect

  • Present Perfect Continuous

Examples

  • I sing a song ( Simple Present Tense)

  • I am Singing a song ( Present Cont)

  • I have sung a song. ( Present Perfect)

  • I have been singing a song (Present Perfect Continuous Tense)

5. Simple Present- Structure and Uses with examples.

Uses of Simple Present Tense


1. To indicate a work that happens at the present time.

Ex: He reads the newspaper.

2. To indicate a habitual action.

Ex: She goes for a walk every morning.

3. To indicate a fixed future event.

Ex: The match starts at 9 o’ clock.

4. To express a general truth.

Ex: Fortune favours the brave.

5. In broadcasting commentaries on sporting events.

Ex: Ronaldo defends himself, passes the ball etc.

6. In newspaper headlines to describe the past events.

Ex: Bus accident kills five/ Six die in boat capsize.

7. Used for dramatic narrative to indicate historic present.

Ex: Gandhiji utters the word ‘Hey Ram’ and dies.

8. To introduce a quotation

Ex: John says, ‘ All that glitters is not gold.’



Interrogative & Negative structure of Simple Present Tense

1. Interrogative Structure:

Do/Does +Subject + Verb + Object/Complement

Ex:

  • Do you walk in the morning?

  • Does he practise swimming?

2. Negative Structure

Subject +do not /does not + V1 + Obj/ Complement

Ex:

  • I do not play cricket.

  • He does not play cricket.

Present Continuous Tense

1. To express an action that happens at the moment.

Ex: I am watching TV now.


2.To express a future event.

Ex: The Prime Minister is visiting Nagpur today.


Note: Time adverbials like ‘ at the moment’ , presently, now are used with present continuous tense.


Present Continuous Tense

a) Structure

  • Sub + am/is/are + V1 + ing + object/complement

  • I am/we are/He is/They are watching a match now.











b) Uses

1. To express an action that happens at the moment.

  • I am watching TV now.

2. To express a future event.

  • The PM is visiting Nagpur today.

Note: Time adverbials like ‘ at the moment’ , presently, now are used with present continuous tense.

Present Perfect Tense


Structure:

1.Subject + have/has + V3 + Object/Complement

Ex: I have done my work/He has done his work.

2. Negative Structure

Sub+ have not/has not+ V3 +object/Complement

  • I have not /He has not done this

3. Interrogative Structure:

Have/Has + V3 + obj/Complement

  • Have you gone there?

  • Has he done his work?











Uses


1. To express an action that has just completed.

  • I have taken tea.

2.To describe a past experience.

  • I have been to Manali twice.

3. To express an action that began in the past and still continues in present.

  • I have not received any letter from him since October 2019.

  • I have lived this place for five years.

Present Perfect Continuous Tense


Structure

1.Subject + have been /has been + V1 + ing + Object/Complement

  • I have been reading a book since morning.

2. Negative Structure

Sub+ have not been /has not been + V3 +object/ Complement

  • I have not been writing for an hour.

  • He has not been playing since morning.

Note: We use ‘for’ to indicate a period of time and ‘since’ for a point of time in present perfect & perfect continuous tense.











Use

We use present perfect continuous tense to show an action that started in the past and is still continuing till the present.

Ex: I have been/ He has been/ They have been watching a movie for two hours.



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